留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

麸皮生物絮团技术在鲢鲤鱼混养鱼塘中的应用

刘超 翟国威 吕亚军 冯鹏 王斌

刘超, 翟国威, 吕亚军, 冯鹏, 王斌. 麸皮生物絮团技术在鲢鲤鱼混养鱼塘中的应用[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2019, 9(5): 559-565. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.03.270
引用本文: 刘超, 翟国威, 吕亚军, 冯鹏, 王斌. 麸皮生物絮团技术在鲢鲤鱼混养鱼塘中的应用[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2019, 9(5): 559-565. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.03.270
LIU Chao, ZHAI Guowei, LÜ Yajun, FENG Peng, WANG Bin. Application of wheat bran flocculation technology on mixed culture fish pond of silver carp and carps[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2019, 9(5): 559-565. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.03.270
Citation: LIU Chao, ZHAI Guowei, LÜ Yajun, FENG Peng, WANG Bin. Application of wheat bran flocculation technology on mixed culture fish pond of silver carp and carps[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2019, 9(5): 559-565. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.03.270

麸皮生物絮团技术在鲢鲤鱼混养鱼塘中的应用

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.03.270
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘超(1961—),男,研究员,主要从事水产养殖技术研究, liu3chao@tom.com

  • 中图分类号: X52

Application of wheat bran flocculation technology on mixed culture fish pond of silver carp and carps

  • 摘要: 在鲢鲤鱼混养鱼塘内进行增饲麸皮碳源的试验研究,探讨麸皮在常规养殖鱼塘生成生物絮团的效果及对鱼类生长和养殖水体水质的影响。结果显示:增饲麸皮可以显著促进鱼塘生物絮团的生长;与对照鱼塘相比,增饲麸皮的鱼塘鲜鱼产量提高16.32%,其增重率、特定生长率、生长势显著高于对照鱼塘;鲢鱼的生长性能高于鲤鱼,鲤鱼的饲料系数低于对照鱼塘,生物絮团对鲢鱼的促生长作用高于鲤鱼;与对照鱼塘相比,增饲麸皮的鱼塘水体透明度降低、总悬浮物(TSS)浓度上升,NO2-N、NH3-N、TN浓度显著降低,养殖水体部分水质指标得到改善。

     

  • [1] 罗国芝, 李文清, 陈佳捷 , 等. 生物絮凝技术在我国水产养殖中的应用研究现状和发展趋势分析[J].中国水产,2013(11):64-67.

    LUO G Z, LI W Q, CHEN J J , et al. Current situation and development trend of application of biological flocculation technology in aquaculture in China[J].China Fisheries,2013(11):64-67.
    [2] 王仁龙, 王志宝, 刘立明 , 等. 生物絮团技术在水产养殖中的应用现状[J]. 水产科技情报, 2017,44(6):330-334.

    WANG R L, WANG Z B, LIU L M , et al. Application status of biological flocculation technology in aquaculture[J]. Fisheries Science & Technology Information, 2017,44(6):330-334.
    [3] 陈亮亮, 董宏标, 李桌佳 , 等. 生物絮团技术在对虾养殖中的应用及展望[J]. 海洋科学, 2014,38(8):103-107.

    CHEN L L, DONG H B, LI Z J , et al. Review of the application and perspective of biofloc technology in shrimp culture[J]. Marine Sciences, 2014,38(8):103-107.
    [4] 龙丽娜, 李源, 管崇武 , 等. 生物絮团技术在水产养殖中的作用研究综述[J]. 渔业现代化, 2013,40(5):28-33.

    LONG L N, LI Y, GUAN C W , et al. Research review on the role of biofloc technology in aquaculture[J]. Fishery Modernization, 2013,40(5):28-33.
    [5] 邓吉明, 黄建华, 江世贵 , 等. 生物絮团在斑节对虾养殖系统中的形成条件及作用效果[J]. 南方水产科学, 2014,10(3):29-37.

    DENG J M, HUANG J H, JIANG S G , et al. Condition for bio-floc formation and its effects on Penaeus monodon culture system[J]. South China Fisheries Science, 2014,10(3):29-37.
    [6] 邓应能, 赵培, 孙运忠 , 等. 生物絮团在凡纳滨对虾封闭养殖试验中的形成条件及作用效果[J]. 渔业科学进展, 2012,33(2):69-75.

    DENG Y N, ZHAO P, SUN Y Z , et al. Condition for bio-floc formation and its effects in closed culture system of Litopenaeus vannamei[J]. Progress in Fishery Sciences, 2012,33(2):69-75.
    [7] 刘杜娟, 潘晓艺, 尹文林 , 等. 生物絮团在罗氏沼虾育苗中的应用[J]. 上海海洋大学学报, 2013,22(1):47-53.

    LIU D J, PAN X Y, YIN W L , et al. Bio-flocs technology application in breeding of Macrobrachium rosenbergii[J]. Journal of Shanghai Ocean University, 2013,22(1):47-53.
    [8] 李爽, 李耕, 潘玉洲 , 等. 生物絮团技术对工厂化养殖海参生长及存活率的影响[J].科学养鱼,2011(11):65-66.

    LI S, LI G, PAN Y Z , et al. Effects of bioflocculation on growth and survival rate of cultured sea cucumbers[J].Scientific Fish Farming,2011(11):65-66.
    [9] 马庆元, 李斌, 张秀珍 , 等. 生物絮团对仿刺参幼参消化与免疫酶活性的影响[J]. 水生态学杂志, 2013,34(6):91-95.

    MA Q Y, LI B, ZHANG X Z , et al. The effect of bio-floc on digestive and immune enzymes activity in juvenile sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus[J]. Journal of Hydroecology, 2013,34(6):91-95.
    [10] 张秀珍, 李斌, 白艳艳 , 等. 生物絮团对仿刺参幼参生长与酶活性的影响[J]. 中国水产科学, 2014,21(4):793-799.

    ZHANG X Z, LI B, BAI Y Y , et al. Effect of bioflocs on enzyme activities and growth performance of juvenile sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus[J]. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China, 2014,21(4):793-799.
    [11] 岳强, 李彦芹, 曹杰英 , 等. 生物絮团对中华锯齿米虾生长及水质的影响[J].河北渔业,2012(2):3-6.

    YUE Q, LI Y Q, CAO J Y , et al. Influence of biological floc on the growth of Neocaridina denticulata sinensis and the water quality in the culture water[J].Hebei Fisheries, 2012(2):3-6.
    [12] HARI B, KURUP B M, VARGHESE J T , et al. The effect of carbohydrate addition on water quality and the nitrogen in extensive shrimp culture[J]. Aquaculture, 2006,252(2/3/4):248-263.
    [13] CRAB R, KOEHVA M, VERSTRAETE W , et al. Bioflocs technology application in over-wintering of tilapia[J]. Aquacultural Engineering, 2009,40(3):105-112.
    [14] AVNIMELECH Y, MOKADY S, SCHROEDER G L . Circulated ponds as efficient bioreactors for single-cell protein production[J]. Aquacult Bamidgeh, 1989,41(2):58-66.
    [15] AVNIMELECH Y . Carbon/nitrogen ratio as a control element in aquaculture systems[J]. Aquaculture, 1999,176(3/4):227-235.
    [16] AVNIMELECH Y . Feeding with microbial flocs by tilapia in minimal discharge bio-flocs technology ponds[J]. Aquaculture, 2007,264(1/2/3/4):140-147.
    [17] 江晓浚, 孙盛明, 戈贤平 , 等. 添加不同碳源对零换水养殖系统中团头鲂鱼种生长、肠道生化指标和水质的影响[J]. 水产学报, 2014,38(8):1113-1122.
    doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1231.2014.49116

    JIANG X J, SUN S M, GE X P , et al. Effects of different carbon on growth, intestinal biochemical parameters and water quality in the juvenile Megalobrama amblycephala cultured in zero water exchange system[J]. Journal of Fisheries of China, 2014,38(8):1113-1122. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1231.2014.49116
    [18] 卢炳国, 王海英, 谢俊 , 等. 不同C/N水平对草鱼池生物絮团的形成及其水质的影响[J]. 水产学报, 2013,37(8):1220-1226.
    doi: DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1231.2013.38608

    LU B G, WANG H Y, XIE J , et al. Effect of C/N ratio on bioflocs formation and water quality in zero-water exchange grass crap tanks[J]. Journal of Fisheries of China, 2013,37(8):1220-1226. doi: DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1231.2013.38608
    [19] 王广军, 王一飞, 夏耕 , 等. 不同碳氮比对杂交鳢稚鱼生长及养殖水质的影响[J]. 甘肃农业大学学报, 2016,51(4):7-13.

    WANG G J, WANG Y F, XIA G , et al. Effect of C/N ratio on the growth performance of hybrid snakehead and water quality of tanks[J]. Journal of Gansu Agriculture University, 2016,51(4):7-13.
    [20] 罗文, 王广军, 龚望宝 , 等. 生物絮团技术对彭泽鲫生长及养殖水质的影响[J]. 南方农业学报, 2014,45(2):318-322.

    LUO W, WANG G J, GONG W B , et al. Effects of bioflocs technology(BFT) on growth and water quality of crucian carp(Carassius auratus var.pengze)[J]. Journal of Southern Agriculture, 2014,45(2):318-322.
    [21] 李朝兵, 王广军, 余德光 , 等. 生物絮团对鳙鱼生长、肌肉氨基酸成分及营养评价的影响[J]. 江苏农业科学, 2012,40(11):242-245.

    LI C B, WANG G J, YU D G , et al. Effects of biological flocculation on Bighead growth, muscle amino acid composition and nutrition evaluation[J]. Jiangsu Agricultural Sciences, 2012,40(11):242-245.
    [22] 金亚男 . 生物絮团技术在超级鲤养殖中作用的研究[D]. 长春:吉林农业大学, 2015.
    [23] 罗亮, 徐奇友, 赵志刚 , 等. 基于生物絮团技术的碳源添加对池塘养殖水质的影响[J]. 渔业现代化, 2013,40(3):19-24.

    LUO L, XU Q Y, ZHAO Z G , et al. Effect of the adding of carbon resource on water quality of pond aquaculture in bioflocs technology[J]. Fishery Modernization, 2013,40(3):19-24.
    [24] AVNIMELECH Y, KOCHBA M . Evaluation of nitrogen uptake and excretion by tilapia in biofloc tanks, using 15N tracing [J]. Aquaculture, 2009,287(1/2):163-168.
    [25] AVNIMELECH Y . Biofloc technology:a practical guide book[M]. 2nd ed.Baton Rouge:the World Aquaculture Society, 2012.
    [26] ASADUZZAMAN M, RAHMAN M M, AZIM M E , et al. Effects of C/N ratio and substrate on natural food communities in freshwater prawn monoculture ponds[J]. Aquaculture, 2010,306(1/2/3/4):127-136.
    [27] XU W J, PAN L Q, SUN X H , et al. Effects of bioflocs on water quality, and survival, growth and digestive enzyme activities of Litopenaeus vannamei(Bopne) in zero-water exchange culture tanks[J]. Aquaculture Research, 2013,44(7):1093-1102.
    [28] WILEN B M, BALMER P . The effect of dissolved oxygen concentration on the structure, size and size distribution of activated sludge flocs[J]. Water Research, 1999,33(2):391-400.
    [29] BALLESTER E L C, ABREU P C, CAVALLI R O , et al. Effect of practical diets with different protein levels on the performance of Farfantepenaeus paulensis juveniles nursed in a zero exchange suspended microbial flocs intensive system[J]. Aquaculture Nutrition, 2010,16(2):163-172.
    [30] 过正乾, 蒋飞, 许祥 , 等. 野生和养殖鲤鱼肌肉营养成分的比较研究[J]. 安徽农业科学, 2012,40(31):15292-15294.

    GUO Z Q, JIANG F, XU X , et al. Comparative study of muscle nutrition in wild and cultured carp[J]. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 2012,40(31):15292-15294.
    [31] 陈洁, 曹春雨, 夏燕 . 鲢鱼天然抽提物的研制[J]. 无锡轻工业大学学报, 2000,19(5):464-468.

    CHEN J, CAO C Y, XIA Y . The preparation of silver carp extract[J]. Journal of Wuxi University Light Industry, 2000,19(5):464-468.
    [32] 赵志刚, 罗亮, 王常安 , 等. 不同养殖模式生物絮团系统中鱼体的生长及水质[J]. 水产学报, 2017,41(1):99-108.

    ZHAO Z G, LUO L, WANG C A , et al. Fish growth performance and water quality in different carp stocking modes biofloc systems[J]. Journal of Fisheries of China, 2017,41(1):99-108.
    [33] LI M H, LOVELL R T . Effect of dietary protein concentration on nitrogenous waste in intensively fed catfish ponds[J]. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 1992,23:122-127.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  441
  • HTML全文浏览量:  49
  • PDF下载量:  81
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-10-29
  • 刊出日期:  2019-09-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回