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基于动态遥感数据的北京主城区环带间植被覆盖变化

马默衡 薛飞 党安荣 李雪草 胡腾云

马默衡, 薛飞, 党安荣, 李雪草, 胡腾云. 基于动态遥感数据的北京主城区环带间植被覆盖变化[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2019, 9(4): 404-413. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.05.141
引用本文: 马默衡, 薛飞, 党安荣, 李雪草, 胡腾云. 基于动态遥感数据的北京主城区环带间植被覆盖变化[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2019, 9(4): 404-413. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.05.141
MA Moheng, XUE Fei, DANG Anrong, LI Xuecao, HU Tengyun. Study on the spatial-temporal change of vegetation coverage between the belts of Beijing's main urban area based on dynamic remote sensing data[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2019, 9(4): 404-413. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.05.141
Citation: MA Moheng, XUE Fei, DANG Anrong, LI Xuecao, HU Tengyun. Study on the spatial-temporal change of vegetation coverage between the belts of Beijing's main urban area based on dynamic remote sensing data[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2019, 9(4): 404-413. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.05.141

基于动态遥感数据的北京主城区环带间植被覆盖变化

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.05.141
详细信息
    作者简介:

    马默衡(1997—),男,主要从事城乡规划技术研究,mamoheng@sina.com

    通讯作者:

    薛飞 E-mail: xuefei@bjut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X321

Study on the spatial-temporal change of vegetation coverage between the belts of Beijing's main urban area based on dynamic remote sensing data

More Information
    Corresponding author: Fei XUE E-mail: xuefei@bjut.edu.cn
  • 摘要: 20世纪80年代以来,北京市进入高速城市化进程,主城区(六环内)植被覆盖发生了巨大变化。分别利用1984年、1995年、2004年和2014年的8—9月北京六环内的Landsat遥感数据,对其进行辐射定标、大气校正和拼接裁剪,以计算归一化植被指数(NDVI),获取3个10年间和各环带植被覆盖面积及覆盖度的变化。结果显示:六环内植被覆盖度由1984年的76.80%(1 742.44 km 2)降至2014年的48.73%(1 105.61 km 2)。虽然2014年与1984年相比二环内和二环至三环植被覆盖度分别增加8.43和4.33个百分点,但三环至四环、四环至五环、五环至六环植被覆盖度降幅逐渐增大,降幅分别为12.23、27.62、32.97个百分点。建议通过空间规划手段为不同环带间以植被覆盖为代表的城市生态系统建设提供差异化思路:如三环内应结合城市精细化治理为核心区留白增绿,见缝插绿;三环至五环间随着城市建设趋于稳定,为中型城市生态空间的增建带来机遇;五环至六环间可结合百万亩造林,增加都市农田等方式,建设多种类大型城市绿色空间,进而综合提升北京主城区城市生态系统服务功能。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2019-04-10
  • 刊出日期:  2019-07-20

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