留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

北京市延庆区PM2.5中主要水溶性无机离子特征及来源解析

张娟 王炜 赵颖

张娟, 王炜, 赵颖. 北京市延庆区PM2.5中主要水溶性无机离子特征及来源解析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(2): 173-182. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190085
引用本文: 张娟, 王炜, 赵颖. 北京市延庆区PM2.5中主要水溶性无机离子特征及来源解析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(2): 173-182. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190085
ZHANG Juan, WANG Wei, ZHAO Ying. Characteristics and source analysis of water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in Yanqing District, Beijing[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(2): 173-182. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190085
Citation: ZHANG Juan, WANG Wei, ZHAO Ying. Characteristics and source analysis of water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in Yanqing District, Beijing[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(2): 173-182. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190085

北京市延庆区PM2.5中主要水溶性无机离子特征及来源解析

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190085
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张娟(1981—),女,高级工程师,主要从事环境监测研究,yqxhjbhjcz@126.com。

  • 中图分类号: X513

Characteristics and source analysis of water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in Yanqing District, Beijing

  • 摘要: 对2017年6月—2018年5月北京市延庆区大气PM2.5样本进行采集,分析了PM2.5中9种水溶性无机离子的污染特征,并利用SPSS软件进行来源解析。结果表明:延庆区大气PM2.5中总水溶性无机离子平均浓度为28.0 μg∕m 3,其中,S O 4 2 - 、N O 3 - 和N H 4 + 是最主要的水溶性无机离子,合计占比为82.1%。受天气影响,N O 3 - 和S O 4 2 - 浓度均表现为秋高冬低,N H 4 + 浓度为秋高夏低;受冬季气象条件和施工影响,Ca 2+、Mg 2+、Na +浓度冬季最高。根据电荷平衡分析,春季PM2.5中阴、阳离子基本达到平衡状态,夏、秋季呈弱酸性,冬季呈弱碱性;PM2.5中硫氧化率(SOR)、氮氧化率(NOR)的均值分别为0.53和0.27,大气中存在明显的二次转化过程;N O 3 - ∕S O 4 2 - 为1.66,说明机动车尾气排放源对PM2.5中水溶性无机离子贡献较大;根据N H 4 + 与S O 4 2 - 、N O 3 - 、Cl -的相关性分析,PM2.5中N O 3 - 和S O 4 2 - 以(NH4)2SO4、NH4HSO4、NH4NO3以及HNO3形式存在。利用SPSS软件进行皮尔森相关性分析,PM2.5中N O 3 - 、S O 4 2 - 、N H 4 + 两两相关性强,说明二次反应显著;Ca 2+、Mg 2+、Na + 两两相关性强,说明其污染来源可能相同;Cl -与K +相关性强,说明大气中Cl -主要以KCl的形式存在。利用因子分析模块进行主成分分析,发现延庆区主要污染源为生物质燃烧、扬尘污染和机动车尾气排放。

     

  • [1] 胡敏 . 北京大气细粒子和超细粒子理化特征、来源及形成机制[M]. 北京:科学出版社 2009.
    [2] CHEN R, CHU C, TAN J , et al. Ambient air pollution and hospital admission in Shanghai,China[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2010,181(1∕2∕3):234-240.
    [3] World Bank . Cost of pollution in China:economic estimates of physical damages[M]. Washington DC:World Bank, 2007.
    [4] 古金霞, 吴丽萍, 霍光耀 , 等. 天津市PM2.5中水溶性无机离子污染特征及来源分析[J]. 中国环境监测, 2013,29(3):30-34.

    GU J X, WU L P, HUO G Y , et al. Pollution character and source of water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 over Tianjin[J]. Environmental Monitoring in China, 2013,29(3):30-34.
    [5] YE B M, JI X L, YANG H Z , et al. Concentration and chemical composition of PM2.5 in Shanghai for all-yeat period[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2003,37(4):499-510.
    [6] LIN J J . Characterization of the major chemical species in PM2.5 in the Kaohsiung City,Taiwan[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2002,36(12):1911-1920.
    [7] 邱天雪, 陈进生, 尹丽倩 , 等. 闽南重点城市春季PM2.5中水溶性无机离子特征研究[J]. 生态环境学报, 2013,22(3):512-516.

    QIU T X, CHEN J S, YIN L Q , et al. Study on the characteristics of water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in spring in the key cities of southern Fujian Province[J]. Ecology and Environment Sciences, 2013,22(3):512-516.
    [8] WANG G H, WANG H, YU Y J , et al. Chemical characterization of water-soluble components of PM10 and PM2.5 atmospheric aerosols in five locations of Nanjing,China[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2003,37(21):2893-2902.
    [9] YAO X H, CHAN C K, FANG M , et al. The water-soluble ionic composition of PM2.5 in Shanghai and Beijing,China[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2002,36(26):4223-4234.
    [10] 赵晴 . 典型地区无机细粒子污染特征及成因研究[D]. 北京:清华大学, 2010.
    [11] 周敏, 陈长虹, 王红丽 , 等. 上海市秋季典型大气高污染过程中颗粒物的化学组成变化特征[J]. 环境科学学报, 2012,32(1):81-92.

    ZHOU M, CHEN C H, WANG H L , et al. Chemical characteristics of particulate matters during air pollution episodes in autumn of Shanghai,China[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2012,32(1):81-92.
    [12] 杨懂艳, 刘保献, 张大伟 , 等. 2012—2013年间北京市PM2.5中水溶性离子时空分布规律及相关性分析[J]. 环境科学, 2015,36(3):768-773.

    YANG D Y, LIU B X, ZHANG D W , et al. Correlation,seasonal and temporal variation of water-soluble ions of PM2.5 in Beijing during 2012-2013[J]. Environmental Science, 2015,36(3):768-773.
    [13] 刘保献, 杨懂艳, 张大伟 , 等. 北京城区大气PM2.5主要化学组分构成研究[J]. 环境科学, 2015,36(7):2346-2351.

    LIU B X, YANG D Y, ZHANG D W , et al. Chemical species of PM2.5 in the urban area of Beijing[J]. Environmental Science, 2015,36(7):2346-2351.
    [14] 邓利群, 李红, 柴发合 , 等. 北京东北部城区大气细粒子与相关气体污染特征研究[J]. 中国环境科学, 2011,31(7):1064-1070.

    DENG L Q, LI H, CHAI F H , et al. The pollution characteristics of the atmospheric fime particles and related gaseous pollutants in the northeastern urban area of Beijing[J]. China Environmental Science, 2011,31(7):1064-1070.
    [15] KANG C H, KIM W H, KO H J , et al. Asian dust effects on total suspended particulate(TSP) compositions at Gosan in Jeju Island,Korea[J]. Atmospheric Research, 2009,94(2):345-355.
    [16] ZHANG D, IWASAKA Y . Nitrate and sulfate in individual Asian duststorm particles in Beijing,China in spring of 1995 and 1996[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 1999,33(19):3213-3223.
    [17] 乔佳佳, 祁建华, 刘苗苗 , 等. 青岛采暖期不同天气状况下大气颗粒态无机氮分布研究[J]. 环境科学, 2010,31(1):29-35.

    QIAO J J, QI J H, LIU M M , et al. Distribution of atmospheric particulate inorganic nitrogen in different weather conditions in the heating period in Qingdao[J]. Environmental Science, 2010,31(1):29-35.
    [18] 孙峰, 张大伟, 孙瑞雯 , 等. 北京地区冬季典型PM2.5重污染案例分析[J]. 中国环境监测, 2014,30(6):1-12.

    SUN F, ZHANG D W, SUN R W , et al. Typical heavy pollution episode analysis on PM2.5 in winter of Beijing[J]. Environmental Monitoring in China, 2014,30(6):1-12.
    [19] DLUGI R, JORDAN S, LINDEMANN E . The heterogeneous formation of sulfate aerosols in the atmosphere[J]. Journal of Aerosol Science, 1981,12(3):185-197.
    [20] 杨素霞, 曹军骥, 沈振兴 , 等. 西安冬、夏季PM2.5中水溶性无机离子的变化特征[J]. 环境化学, 2012,31(8):1179-1188.

    YANG S X, CAO J J, SHEN Z X , et al. Variations of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 at Xi'an between summer and winter[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2012,31(8):1179-1188.
    [21] 李令军, 王英, 李金香 , 等. 2000—2010北京大气重污染研究[J]. 中国环境科学, 2012,32(1):23-30.

    LI L J, WANG Y, LI J X , et al. The analysis of heavy air pollution in Beijing during 2000-2010[J]. China Environmental Science, 2012,32(1):23-30.
    [22] 韩月梅, 沈振兴, 曹军骥 , 等. 西安市大气颗粒物中水溶性无机离子的季节变化特征[J]. 环境化学, 2009,28(2):261-266.

    HAN Y M, SHEN Z X, CAO J J , et al. Seasonal variations of water-soluble inorganic ions in atmospheric particles over Xi'an[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2009,28(2):261-266.
    [23] WANG Y, ZHUANG G, SUN Y , et al. Water-soluble part of the aerosol in the dustorm season-evidence of the mixing between mineral and pollution aerosols[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2005,39(37):7020-7029
    [24] 北京市生态环境局. 2018年北京市生态环境状况公报[A∕OL].(2018-05-09)[2019-04-13].
    [25] WANG Y, ZHUANG G S, ZHANG X Y , et al. The ion chemistry,seasonal cycle,and sources of PM2.5 and TSP aerosol in Shanghai[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2006,40(16):2935-2952.
    [26] TRUEX T J, PIERSON W R, MCKEE D E . Sulfate in dieselexhaust[J]. Environment Science & Technology, 1980,14(9):1118-1121.
    [27] OHTA S, OKITA T A . Cheical characterization of atmospheric aerosol in Sapporo[J]. Atmospheric Environment Part A:General Topics, 1990,24(4):815-822.
    [28] 李伟芳, 白志鹏, 魏静东 , 等. 天津冬季大气中PM2.5及其主要组分的污染特征[J]. 中国环境科学, 2008,28(6):481-486.

    LI W F, BAI Z P, WEI J D , et al. Pollution characteristics of PM2.5 and its main components in Tianjin winter atmosphere[J]. China Environmental Science, 2008,28(6):481-486.
    [29] 王占山, 刘保献, 魏强 , 等. 北京市PM2.5二次水溶性无机离子变化特征[J]. 环境工程, 2016,34(4):105-109.

    WANG Z S, LIU B X, WEI Q , et al. Variation characteristics of secondary water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in Beijing[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2016,34(4):105-109.
    [30] 李丽珍, 沈振兴, 杜娜 , 等. 霾和正常天气下西安大气颗粒物中水溶性离子特征[J]. 中国科学院研究生院学报, 2007,24(5):674-679.

    LI L Z, SHEN Z X, DU N , et al. Chemical composition of water-soluble species between haze and normal days over Xi'an[J]. Journal of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2007,24(5):674-679.
    [31] ZHANG W, CAPPS S L, HU Y , et al. Development of the high-orderdecoupled direct method in three dimensions for particulate matter:enabling advanced sensitivity analysis in air quality models[J]. Geoscientific Model Development, 2012,5(2):355-368.
    [32] 秦伟良, 许影 . 基于地统计学的江苏PM2.5空间变异性分析[J]. 环境工程, 2014,32(1):73-76.

    QIN W L, XU Y . Spatial variation of PM2.5 in Jiangsu Province based on geostatistical analysis[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2014,32(1):73-76.
    [33] 梁增强, 马民涛, 杜改芳 . 2003—2012年京津石三市大气污染特征及趋势对比[J]. 环境工程, 2014,32(12):76-81.

    LIANG Z Q, MA M T, DU G F . Comparison of characteristics and trend analysis of atompheric pollution in Beijing-Tianjin-Shijiazhuang,during 2003-2012[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2014,32(12):76-81.
    [34] 孙韧, 张文具, 董海燕 , 等. 天津市PM10和P M 2 . 5 中水溶性无机离子化学特征及来源分析 [J]. 中国环境监测, 2014,30(2):145-150.

    SUN R, ZHANG W J, DONG H Y , et al. Chemical character and source analysis of water-soluble irons in PM10 and PM2.5 in Tianjin City[J]. Environmental Monitoring in China, 2014,30(2):145-150.
    [35] 沈振兴, 韩月梅, 周娟 , 等. 西安冬季大气亚微米颗粒物的化学特征及来源解析[J]. 西安交通大学学报, 2008,42(11):1418-1423.

    SHEN Z X, HAN Y M, ZHOU J , et al. Chemical composition and source identification of submicron particles over Xi'an during winter[J]. Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University, 2008,42(11):1418-1423.
    [36] 李英红, 谭吉华, 饶志国 , 等. 兰州市大气细颗粒物中水溶性离子的污染特征[J]. 环境化学, 2016,35(9):1799-1807.

    LI Y H, TAN J H, RAO Z G , et al. Pollution characteristics of water soluble ions in atmospheric fine particles in Lanzhou[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2016,35(9):1799-1807.
    [37] 李伟芳 . 天津PM2.5理化特性和含碳气溶胶的分布与来源研究[D]. 天津:南开大学, 2008.
    [38] 安欣欣, 张大伟, 冯鹏 , 等. 北京城区夏季PM2.5中碳组分和二次水溶性无机离子浓度特征[J]. 环境化学, 2016,35(4):713-720.

    AN X X, ZHANG D W, FENG P , et al. Characteristics of carbon components and secondary water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in summer in urban Beijing[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2016,35(4):713-720.
    [39] SEINFELD J H, PANDIS S N . Atmospheric chemistry and physics:from air pollution to climate change[M]. New York:John Wiley & Sons, 1996: 379-383.
    [40] 孟琛琛, 王丽涛, 张芬芬 , 等. 邯郸市PM2.5中水溶性无机离子污染特征及来源解析[J]. 环境科学学报, 2015,35(11):3443-3451.

    MENG C C, WANG L T, ZHANG F F , et al. Pollution characteristics and source apportionment of water soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in Handan City[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2015,35(11):3443-3451.
    [41] 栾玉荣 . 我国多站点主要水溶性气溶胶的空间分布和时间变化特征[D]. 北京:中国气象科学研究, 2008.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  401
  • HTML全文浏览量:  141
  • PDF下载量:  150
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-05-14
  • 刊出日期:  2020-03-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回