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差异化标准下长江经济带省际环境绩效比较研究

燕波 孙启宏 李小敏 许亚宣

燕波, 孙启宏, 李小敏, 许亚宣. 差异化标准下长江经济带省际环境绩效比较研究[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(3): 504-511. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190198
引用本文: 燕波, 孙启宏, 李小敏, 许亚宣. 差异化标准下长江经济带省际环境绩效比较研究[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(3): 504-511. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190198
YAN Bo, SUN Qihong, LI Xiaomin, XU Yaxuan. Comparative study of environmental performance in Yangtze River Economic Belt under different standards[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(3): 504-511. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190198
Citation: YAN Bo, SUN Qihong, LI Xiaomin, XU Yaxuan. Comparative study of environmental performance in Yangtze River Economic Belt under different standards[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(3): 504-511. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190198

差异化标准下长江经济带省际环境绩效比较研究

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190198
详细信息
    作者简介:

    燕波(1993—),男,硕士,主要从事能源与环境政策研究,609134482@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    孙启宏 E-mail: sunqh@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X821

Comparative study of environmental performance in Yangtze River Economic Belt under different standards

More Information
    Corresponding author: SUN Qihong E-mail: sunqh@craes.org.cn
  • 摘要: 为合理判断长江经济带11省(市)生态环境保护成效,通过构建环境绩效评价指标体系的方法开展环境绩效研究。考虑到经济发展水平对地区环保投入能力的影响,借助环境库兹涅茨曲线(EKC)与均值思想设定了不同经济发展水平下差异化的指标评价值,并结合熵值法计算出反映地区致力于生态环境保护努力程度的环境绩效指数(EPI)。结果表明:2011—2017年长江经济带的环境绩效整体呈上升态势,11省(市)EPI年均值由49.74增至61.70,但固体废物排放绩效有所下降;2017年11省(市)EPI从高到低依次为湖南(68.76)、安徽(66.62)、重庆(64.86)、四川(64.30)、浙江(61.26)、上海(60.96)、江西(59.53)、湖北(58.80)、贵州(58.68)、云南(57.65)、江苏(57.24),下、中、上游地区EPI平均得分分别是59.82、63.43、61.37,指数空间分布较为均衡;研究区域按照EPI与人均GDP可聚类划分为加速转型区、稳定发展区、缓慢提升区3种类型,针对不同类型地区分别提出差异化发展建议。研究采用的评价方法考虑了不同地区经济发展水平的差异,能在一定程度上反映各地区致力于生态环境保护的努力程度,可作为常规环境绩效研究的补充。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2019-11-22
  • 刊出日期:  2020-05-20

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