留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

MABR与微生物菌剂联用治理小型黑臭河道的效果

杨玥 钟惠舟

杨玥, 钟惠舟. MABR与微生物菌剂联用治理小型黑臭河道的效果[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(5): 853-859. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200014
引用本文: 杨玥, 钟惠舟. MABR与微生物菌剂联用治理小型黑臭河道的效果[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(5): 853-859. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200014
YANG Yue, ZHONG Huizhou. Study on the treatment effect of a small black and odorous river by MABR and microbial inoculant[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(5): 853-859. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200014
Citation: YANG Yue, ZHONG Huizhou. Study on the treatment effect of a small black and odorous river by MABR and microbial inoculant[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(5): 853-859. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200014

MABR与微生物菌剂联用治理小型黑臭河道的效果

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200014
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨玥(1991—),女,硕士,主要研究方向为生态工程与环境修复,2301844394@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: X701

Study on the treatment effect of a small black and odorous river by MABR and microbial inoculant

  • 摘要: 由单项技术联用而形成的复合技术已被广泛应用于黑臭河道治理中。将膜曝气生物膜反应器(MABR)和微生物菌剂联用的复合微生物技术应用于小型黑臭河道实际治理工程中,结果表明:调试运行61 d,河道水体透明度、氧化还原电位(ORP)和溶解氧(DO)浓度上升,氨氮浓度和化学需氧量(COD)下降,但在调试运行期间水质存在反复现象;降水时水体透明度和ORP降低,氨氮浓度和COD反弹,雨后7 d均恢复正常,该技术有一定的抗冲击能力。稳定运行42 d后,河道的水体透明度、ORP和DO浓度分别提高了157%、57%和308%,氨氮浓度和COD降低了65.0%和71.4%,河道黑臭消除。该复合微生物技术消除河道黑臭的工程实际治理效果良好且系统能维持较长时间,但提高水质的能力有限,进一步提高河道水质还需通过系统化、生态化、智慧化的综合治理。

     

  • [1] WEI X, LI B, ZHAO S, et al. Mixed pharmaceutical wastewater treatment by integrated membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) system:a pilot-scale study[J]. Bioresource Technology, 2012,122:189-195.
    doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.06.041 pmid: 22832229
    [2] 胡亮, 赵德喜, 侯飞飞, 等. MABR-絮凝联合工艺处理合成橡胶废水的探索[J]. 工业水处理, 2015,35(4):60-64.

    HU L, ZHAO D X, HOU F F, et al. Investigation of the treatment of synthetic rubber wastewater by the combined process,MABR-flocculation[J]. Industrial Water Treatment, 2015,35(4):60-64.
    [3] LI P, LI M, ZHANG Y, et al. The treatment of surface water with enhanced membrane-aerated biofilm reactor(MABR)[J]. Chemical Engineering Science, 2016,144:267-274.
    [4] LI M, LI P, DU C, et al. Pilot-scale study of an integrated membrane-aerated biofilm reactor system on urban river remediation[J]. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2016,55(30):8373-8382.
    [5] 董应超, 马丽宁, 朱丽, 等. 碳纳米管复合膜的制备及水处理应用研究进展[J]. 膜科学与技术, 2016,36(6):1-10.

    DONG Y C, MA L N, ZHU L, et al. Research progress on fabrication and water treatment application of carbon-nanotubes(CNTs)-based composite membranes[J]. Membrane Science and Technology, 2016,36(6):1-10.
    [6] 白瑞, 胡阳, 雷振宇, 等. 复合微生物制剂在环保领域中的应用[J]. 应用化工, 2017,46(5):1002-1006.

    BAI R, HU Y, LEI Z Y, et al. Application of compound microbial preparation in environmental protection[J]. Applied Chemical Industry, 2017,46(5):1002-1006.
    [7] 沈益, 胡南. 多种修复技术对城市内河水质及微生物群落的影响[J]. 水资源保护, 2017,33(6):167-174.

    SHEN Y, HU N. Effects of various remediation technologies on water quality and microbial community in urban inland rivers[J]. Water Recources Protection, 2017,33(6):167-174.
    [8] 张杨, 李庭刚, 强志民, 等. 膜曝气生物膜反应器研究进展[J]. 环境科学学报, 2011,31(6):1133-1143.

    ZHANG Y, LI T G, QIANG Z M, et al. Current research progress on the membrane-aerated biofilm reactor(MABR):a review[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2011,31(6):1133-1143.
    [9] 杜聪, 冯胜, 张毅敏, 等. 微生物菌剂对黑臭水体水质改善及生物多样性修复效果研究[J]. 环境工程, 2018,36(8):1-7.

    DU C, FENG S, ZHANG Y M, et al. Study on the improvement of water quality and biological diversity of black and odorous water by microbial inoculant[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2018,36(8):1-7.
    [10] 丁玲, 李巍, 施蓓, 等. 透明度胁迫对菹草(Potamogeton crispus)生长的定量影响及其生长动力学模型[J]. 生态学报, 2009,29(1):92-96.

    DING L, LI W, SHI B, et al. Effects of water transparency on Potamogeton crispus growth and its dynamic model[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009,29(1):92-96.
    [11] 王荣昌, 肖帆, 赵建夫. 生物膜厚度对膜曝气生物膜反应器硝化性能的影响[J]. 高校化学工程学报, 2015,29(1):151-158.

    WANG R C, XIAO F, ZHAO J F. Effects of biofilm thickness on nitrification performance of membrane-aerated biofilm reactors[J]. Journal of Chemical Engineering of Chinese Universities, 2015,29(1):151-158.
    [12] TIAN H, YAN Y, CHEN Y, et al. Process performance and bacterial community structure under increasing influent disturbances in a membrane-aerated biofilm reactor[J]. Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 2016,26(2):373-384.
    doi: 10.4014/jmb.1506.06072 pmid: 26528534
    [13] 汪慧贞, 张雅君, 陈鹏, 等. 氧化还原电位在CAST工艺中的应用[J]. 水处理技术, 2008,34(11):65-67.

    WANG H Z, ZHANG Y J, CHEN P, et al. Application of ORP in CAST progess[J]. Technology of Water Treatment, 2008,34(11):65-67.
    [14] HELMER C, TROMM C, HIPPEN A, et al. Single stage biological nitrogen removal by nitritation and anaerobic ammonium oxidation in biofilm systems[J]. Water Science & Technology, 2001,43(1):311-320.
    pmid: 11379106
    [15] 郭劲松, 董俐, 方芳, 等. 单级自养脱氮系统运行周期内的DO变化研究[J]. 中国给水排水, 2012,28(3):47-51.

    GUO J S, DONG L, FANG F, et al. Research on variation rule of DO in one-stage completely autotrophic nitrogen removal system[J]. China Water & Wastewater, 2012,28(3):47-51.
    [16] 张小玲, 李正群, 赵艳红, 等. 曝气量及亚硝酸盐浓度对SBBR单级自养脱氮系统性能的影响[J]. 安全与环境学报, 2017,17(4):1423-1427.

    ZHANG X L, LI Z Q, ZHAO Y H, et al. On the effects of the aeration rate and the nitrite concentration rate on the behavior of CANON process in SBBR[J]. Journal of Safety and Environment, 2017,17(4):1423-1427.
    [17] 练继建, 孙亚楠, 马超, 等. 膜曝气生物膜-生态浮床组合装置开发及其水体净化效果研究[J]. 水利水电技术, 2019,50(6):142-149.

    LIAN J J, SUN Y N, MA C, et al. Study on development of membrane aeration biofilm reactor and eco-floating bed integrated assembly and its water purification effect[J]. Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering, 2019,50(6):142-149.
    [18] 高大文, 李昕芯, 安瑞, 等. 不同DO下MBR内微生物群落结构与运行效果关系[J]. 中国环境科学, 2010,30(2):209-215.

    GAO D W, LI X X, AN R, et al. Relationships between microbial community structure and the performance of MBR under different dissolved oxygen[J]. China Environmental Science, 2010,30(2):209-215.
    [19] 刘琪, 程方, 张文丽, 等. 膜曝气生物反应器内DO分布变化及其对有机物和氮去除的影响[J]. 环境工程学报, 2017,11(12):6246-6251.

    LIU Q, CHENG F, ZHANG W L, et al. Distribution change of DO and its influence on organic and nitrogen removal in membrane aeration bioreactor[J]. Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2017,11(12):6246-6251.
    [20] 周慧芳, 刘正辉, 李德豪, 等. 一体化OCO工艺脱氮除磷效果优化的ORP调控策略[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2017,40(6):61-65.

    ZHOU H F, LIU Z H, LI D H, et al. ORP strategies for optimizing removals of nitrogen and phosphorus in integral OCO progess[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2017,40(6):61-65.
    [21] 王琨, 王慧玲, 孙小磊, 等. 微生物与植物在河道模型中的黑臭水治理效果[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2012,35(6):126-129.

    WANG K, WANG H L, SUN X L, et al. Effect of microoganism and plant on cleaning a simulated malodorous river[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2012,35(6):126-129.
    [22] 陈友媛, 吴亚东, 孙萍, 等. 微生物强化组合浮床净化微盐碱水体的效果[J]. 环境科学, 2017,38(7):2850-2858.

    CHEN Y Y, WU Y D, SUN P, et al. Purification of slightly salt-alkaline water bodies by microorganism enhanced combined floating bed[J]. Environmental Science, 2017: 2850-2858.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  576
  • HTML全文浏览量:  135
  • PDF下载量:  207
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-02-10
  • 刊出日期:  2020-09-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回