留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

改性生物炭材料原位修复污染底泥的效果

曹璟 王鹏飞 陈俊伊 王书航 杨国丽

曹璟, 王鹏飞, 陈俊伊, 王书航, 杨国丽. 改性生物炭材料原位修复污染底泥的效果[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(4): 661-670. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200021
引用本文: 曹璟, 王鹏飞, 陈俊伊, 王书航, 杨国丽. 改性生物炭材料原位修复污染底泥的效果[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(4): 661-670. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200021
CAO Jing, WANG Pengfei, CHEN Junyi, WANG Shuhang, YANG Guoli. Study on the effect of modified biochar materials on in situ remediation of contaminated sediments[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(4): 661-670. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200021
Citation: CAO Jing, WANG Pengfei, CHEN Junyi, WANG Shuhang, YANG Guoli. Study on the effect of modified biochar materials on in situ remediation of contaminated sediments[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(4): 661-670. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200021

改性生物炭材料原位修复污染底泥的效果

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200021
详细信息
    作者简介:

    曹璟(1993—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为吸附材料,1085376566@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王鹏飞 E-mail: wangpf01@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X524

Study on the effect of modified biochar materials on in situ remediation of contaminated sediments

More Information
    Corresponding author: WANG Pengfei E-mail: wangpf01@craes.org.cn
  • 摘要: 以芦苇为原材料,FeCl3、AlCl3、MgCl2、KMnO4为改性剂,制备4种改性生物炭,以未改性生物炭、活性炭、锁磷剂(Phoslock)为对照修复材料,研究了7种修复材料对嘉兴市城市河网和湖荡2种污染底泥向水中释放氨氮(NH3-N)、硝氮( N O 3 - -N)、溶解性总氮(DTN)、正磷酸盐( P O 4 3 - -P)、溶解性总磷(DTP)及重金属离子的控制效果。结果表明:加入AlCl3改性生物炭后,2种污染底泥释放到水中的NH3-N、DTN、 P O 4 3 - -P、DTP与重金属Ni、As浓度最大可降低17.42%、18.61%、91.23%、77.04%与72.13%、46.21%;加入FeCl3改性生物炭后,2种污染底泥释放到水中的 P O 4 3 - -P、DTP、As浓度最大可降低91.23%、92.59%、95.80%,但水中DTN、Ni浓度有所增加;加入MgCl2和KMnO4改性生物炭后,2种底泥释放到水中的氮、磷、Ni、As污染物浓度不减反增。AlCl3改性生物炭能有效固定底泥中磷、Ni、As,可考虑作为污染底泥原位修复材料。

     

  • [1] SØNDERGAARD M, JENSEN J P, JEPPESEN E. Internal phosphorus loading in shallow Danish lakes[J]. Hydrobiologia, 1999,15(6):145-152.
    [2] QIN B Q, YANG L Y, CHEN F Z. Mechanism and control of lake eutrophication[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2006,51(19):2401-2412.
    doi: 10.1007/s11434-006-2096-y
    [3] 唐艳, 胡小贞, 卢少勇. 污染底泥原位覆盖技术综述[J]. 生态学杂志, 2007,26(7):1125-1128.

    TANG Y, HU X Z, LU S Y. In situ capping technology for remediation of contaminated sediment[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2007,26(7):1125-1128.
    [4] 胡小贞, 金相灿, 卢少勇, 等. 湖泊底泥污染控制技术及其适用性探讨[J]. 中国工程科学, 2009,11(9):28-33.

    HU X Z, JIN X C, LU S Y, et al. Techniques for sediment pollution control and discussion on the applicability in lakes of China[J]. Strategic Study of CAE, 2009,11(9):28-33.
    [5] 宁寻安, 陈文松, 李萍, 等. 污染底泥修复治理技术研究进展[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2006,29(9):100-102.

    NING X A, CHEN W S, LI P, et al. Review on remediation technique for polluted sediment[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2006,29(9):100-102.
    [6] YU J, DING S, ZHONG J, et al. Evaluation of simulated dredging to control internal phosphorus release from sediments:focused on phosphorus transfer and resupply across the sediment-water interface[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2017,592:662-673.
    doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.219 pmid: 28318691
    [7] 苏青青, 胡志华, 罗玉红, 等. 原位覆盖层厚度对污染底泥氮磷释放的影响[J]. 安徽农业科学, 2012,40(27):329-330.

    SU Q Q, HU Z H, LUO Y H, et al. Influence of the in situ capping layer thickness on nitrogen and phosphorus release of the contaminated sediment[J]. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 2012,40(27):329-330.
    [8] 于翔霏, 程宪伟, 祝惠, 等. 长春西湖沉积物氮、磷营养盐释放通量及原位覆盖控释效果模拟研究[J]. 湿地科学, 2017,15(4):595-600.

    YU X F, CHENG X W, ZHU H, et al. Simulation study on release fluxes of nitrogen and phosphorus from sediments in Xihu Lakes,Changchun and sustained-release effect of in-situ capping[J]. Wetland Science, 2017,15(4):595-600.
    [9] 夏蕾, 刘国, 陈春梅, 等. 稳定剂增强的土壤原位覆盖抑制河流底泥氮磷释放研究[J]. 环境工程, 2016,34(9):114-118.

    XIA L, LIU G, CHEN C M, et al. Efficiency of in-situ capping with stabilizers-added soil on nitrogen and phosphorus release control in river sediment[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2016,34(9):114-118.
    [10] 朱兰保, 盛蒂, 朱攀. 原位覆盖法对底泥中磷释放的影响[J]. 江苏农业科学, 2014,42(2):301-303.
    [11] 周岩梅, 任传华, 孟晓东, 等. 生物质活性炭原位修复有机物污染底泥技术研究与应用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2019,32(1):43-51.

    ZHOU Y M, REN C H, MENG X D, et al. Research and application of in-situ activated biochar amendment for organic contaminated sediment remediation[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2019,32(1):43-51.
    [12] 杨海燕, 师路远, 卢少勇, 等. 不同覆盖材料对沉积物P、N释放的抑制效果[J]. 环境工程学报, 2015,9(5):2084-2090.

    YANG H Y, SHI L Y, LU S Y, et al. Effect of various inactivation agents on phosphorus and nitrogen release from sediments[J]. Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2015,9(5):2084-2090.
    [13] SINGH B P, COWIE A L, SMEMIK R J. Biochar carbon stability in a clayey soil as a function of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2012,46(21):11770-11778.
    doi: 10.1021/es302545b pmid: 23013285
    [14] 吕宏虹, 宫艳艳, 唐景春, 等. 生物炭及其复合材料的制备与应用研究进展[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2015,34(8):1429-1440.

    LÜ H H, GONG Y Y, TANG J C, et al. Advances in preparation and applications of biochar and its composites[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2015,34(8):1429-1440.
    [15] 孔丝纺, 姚兴成, 张江勇, 等. 生物质炭的特性及其应用的研究进展[J]. 生态环境学报, 2015,24(4):716-723.

    KONG S F, YAO X C, ZHANG J Y, et al. Review of characteristics of biochar and research progress of its applications[J]. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2015,24(4):716-723.
    [16] 祝天宇, 卢泽玲, 刘月娥, 等. 镁改性生物炭制备条件对其氮、磷去除性能的影响[J]. 环境工程, 2018,36(1):37-41.

    ZHU T Y, LU Z L, LIU Y E, et al. Effects of preparation conditions of Mg-modified biochar on the removal of ammonium and phosphate in wastewater[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2018,36(1):37-41.
    [17] 丁文川, 曾晓岚, 王永芳, 等. 生物炭载体的表面特征和挂膜性能研究[J]. 中国环境科学, 2011,31(9):1451-1455.

    DING W C, ZENG X L, WANG Y F, et al. Characteristics and performances of biofilm carrier prepared from agro-based biochar[J]. China Environmental Science, 2011,31(9):1451-1455.
    [18] WANG M, ZHU Y, CHENG L, et al. Review on utilization of biochar for metal-contaminated soil and sediment remediation[J]. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2017,63(1):156-173.
    doi: 10.1016/j.jes.2017.08.004
    [19] 李扬, 李锋民, 张修稳, 等. 生物炭覆盖对底泥污染物释放的影响[J]. 环境科学, 2013,34(8):3071-3078.

    LI Y, LI F M, ZHANG X W, et al. Effects of biochar covering on the release of pollutants from sediment[J]. Environmental Science, 2013,34(8):3071-3078.
    [20] 郅蒙蒙, 王鹏飞, 侯泽英, 等. N H 4 + 对镁改性生物炭除磷效果的影响 [J]. 环境科学, 2019,40(2):669-676.

    ZHI M M, WANG P F, HOU Z Y, et al. Effect of nitrogen to magnesium modified biochar adsorption to phosphorus[J]. Environmental Science, 2019,40(2):669-676.
    [21] CUI X, HAO H, ZHANG C, et al. Capacity and mechanisms of ammonium and cadmium sorption on different wetland-plant derived biochars[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2016,539:566-575.
    doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.022 pmid: 26386447
    [22] 王秀朵, 张大群, 刘瑶, 等. 锁磷剂用于富营养化水体除磷的研究[J]. 中国给水排水, 2010,26(23):88-90.

    WANG X D, ZHANG D Q, LIU Y, et al. Study on removal of phosphorus from eutrophic water using Phoslock[J]. China Water & Wastewater, 2010,26(23):88-90.
    [23] GUNN I D M, MEUS S, MABERLY S C, et al. Assessing the responses of aquatic macrophytes to the application of a lanthanum modified bentonite clay,at Loch Flemington,Scotland,UK[J]. Hydrobiologia, 2013,737(1):309-320.
    doi: 10.1007/s10750-013-1765-5
    [24] MIQUEL L, OOSTERHOUT F V. Case study on the efficacy of a lanthanum-enriched clay (Phoslock?) in controlling eutrophication in Lake Het Groene Eiland (The Netherlands)[J]. Hydrobiologia, 2013,710(1):253-263.
    doi: 10.1007/s10750-012-1141-x
    [25] 张路, 范成新, 秦伯强, 等. 模拟扰动条件下太湖表层沉积物磷行为的研究[J]. 湖泊科学, 2001,13(1):35-42.
    doi: 10.18307/20010106

    ZHANG L, FAN C X, QIN B Q, et al. Phosphorus release and absorption of surficial sediments in Taihu Lake under simulative disturbing conditions[J]. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2001,13(1):35-42. doi: 10.18307/20010106
    [26] ZHANG S, TIAN K, JIANG S F, et al. Preventing the release of Cu 2+ and 4-CP from the contaminated sediments by employing a biochar capping treatment [J]. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2017,56(27):7730-7738.
    [27] US EPA. Data quality assessment:statistical methods for practitioners:EPA/240/B-06/003[S]. Washington DC:United States Environmental Protection Agency,Office of Environmental Information, 2006.
    [28] 韩晓霞, 朱广伟, 李兆富, 等. 天目湖沙河水库尿素含量及其时空分布特征分析[J]. 环境化学, 2015,34(2):377-383.

    HAN X X, ZHU G W, LI Z F, et al. The abundance and spatial-temporal distribution of urea in Shahe Reservoir,Liyang,China[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2015,34(2):377-383.
    [29] 陈佼, 张建强, 陆一新, 等. 玉米芯生物炭对含盐污水中氨氮的吸附特性[J]. 安全与环境学报, 2017,17(3):1088-1093.

    CHEN J, ZHANG J Q, LU Y X, et al. Study on the adsorption feature of ammonium nitrogen in the salt-laden sewage by the corn cob biochar[J]. Journal of Safety and Environment, 2017,17(3):1088-1093.
    [30] 陶大钧, 龚娴芙. 废水和地表水中磷的形态分析[J]. 环境监测管理与技术, 1994,6(3):21-24.
    [31] JIANG Y B, REN C, GUO H Y, et al. Speciation transformation of phosphorus in poultry litter during pyrolysis:insights from X-ray diffraction,fourier transform infrared,and solid-state NMR spectroscopy[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2019,53(23):13841-13849.
    doi: 10.1021/acs.est.9b03261 pmid: 31684726
    [32] 周成. 湖泊受污底泥营养物释放机理及水质影响试验研究[D]. 武汉:武汉大学, 2017.
    [33] 李际会. 改性生物炭吸附硝酸盐和磷酸盐研究[D]. 北京:中国农业科学院, 2012.
    [34] DEMIRAL H, GUNDUZOGLU G. Removal of nitrate from aqueous solutions by activated carbon prepared from sugar beet bagasse[J]. Bioresource Technology, 2010,101:1675-1680.
    doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.09.087 pmid: 19854640
    [35] OEZTURK N, BEKTA T E. Nitrate removal from aqueous solution by adsorption onto various materials[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2004,112(1/2):155-162.
    doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.05.001
    [36] 陈靖. Fe/Mg改性生物炭去除水中氮磷的研究[D]. 重庆:重庆大学, 2015.
    [37] 李寿泉. 浅析环境因子对城市缓流水体底泥磷释放的影响[J]. 江苏环境科技, 2007,20(6):13-16.
    [38] 王茹静, 赵旭, 曹瑞钰. 富营养化水体中底泥释磷的影响因素及其释放机理[J]. 新疆环境保护, 2005,18(4):47-49.

    WANG R J, ZHAO X, CAO R Y. Study on the affecting factors and its mechanism of interal phosphorus release in eutrophic water[J]. Environmental Protection of Xinjiang, 2005,18(4):47-49.
    [39] 席银, 王圣瑞, 赵海超, 等. 覆盖不同材料对湖泊沉积物磷释放影响机制[J]. 环境化学, 2017,36(3):532-541.

    XI Y, WANG S R, ZHAO H C, et al. Impact of different capping materials on the phosphorus release from lake sediment[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2017,36(3):532-541.
    [40] 孔明, 尹洪斌, 晁建颖, 等. 凹凸棒黏土覆盖对沉积物磷赋存形态的影响[J]. 中国环境科学, 2015,35(7):2192-2199.

    KONG M, YIN H B, CHAO J Y, et al. Influence of attapulgite clay capping on phosphorus forms in the sediment[J]. China Environmental Science, 2015,35(7):2192-2199.
    [41] SAHA B, BAINGS R, GREENWOOD F. Physicochemical characterization of granular ferric hydroxide (GFH) for Arsenic(V) sorption from water[J]. Separation Science and Technology, 2005,40:2909-2932.
    doi: 10.1080/01496390500333202
    [42] 何菁, 尹光彩, 李莲芳, 等. 骨炭/纳米铁对污染红壤中砷形态和有效性的影响研究[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2014,33(8):1511-1518.

    HE J, YIN G C, LI L F, et al. Effects of bone char and nano-iron on fractions and availability of arsenic in contaminated red soils[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2014,33(8):1511-1518.
    [43] BOLAN N, MAHIMAIRAJA S, KUNHIKRISHNAN A, et al. Sorptionbioavailability nexus of arsenic and cadmium in variable charge soils[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2013,261:725-732.
    doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.09.074
    [44] JACKSON B P, MILLER W P. Effectiveness of phosphate and hydroxide for desorption of arsenic and selenium species from iron oxides[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2000,64(5):1616-1622.
    doi: 10.2136/sssaj2000.6451616x
    [45] 韦璐阳. 钙、镁、铁对土壤砷污染的治理研究[D]. 南宁:广西大学, 2005.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  470
  • HTML全文浏览量:  154
  • PDF下载量:  120
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-02-17
  • 刊出日期:  2020-07-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回