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基于灰色关联分析法的辽河保护区河流水生态健康评价

李海霞 韩丽花 蔚青 王育鹏 段亮 徐笠

李海霞, 韩丽花, 蔚青, 王育鹏, 段亮, 徐笠. 基于灰色关联分析法的辽河保护区河流水生态健康评价[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(4): 553-561. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200034
引用本文: 李海霞, 韩丽花, 蔚青, 王育鹏, 段亮, 徐笠. 基于灰色关联分析法的辽河保护区河流水生态健康评价[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(4): 553-561. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200034
LI Haixia, HAN Lihua, YU Qing, WANG Yupeng, DUAN Liang, XU Li. Assessment on river water ecological health based on grey relation analysis in Liaohe Conservation Area[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(4): 553-561. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200034
Citation: LI Haixia, HAN Lihua, YU Qing, WANG Yupeng, DUAN Liang, XU Li. Assessment on river water ecological health based on grey relation analysis in Liaohe Conservation Area[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(4): 553-561. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200034

基于灰色关联分析法的辽河保护区河流水生态健康评价

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200034
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李海霞(1990—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为河流健康评价,1692337437@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    徐笠 E-mail: xuliforever@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X826

Assessment on river water ecological health based on grey relation analysis in Liaohe Conservation Area

More Information
    Corresponding author: XU Li E-mail: xuliforever@163.com
  • 摘要: 灰色关联分析是一种高效的不确定性复杂系统评价方法,具有对数据要求低且计算量小,便于广泛应用的特点,适用于河流水生态健康评价。基于水生态健康内涵和辽河保护区河流实际情况,构建了由河流自然形态状况、水质状况、底质状况、水生生物及生态环境状况四大类共20个指标组成的河流水生态健康评价指标体系,采用层次分析法(AHP)确定权重,结合灰色关联分析法对辽河保护区水生态健康状况进行评价。结果表明:辽河保护区河流水生态健康状况总体为中等,其中自然形态状况灰色关联度为0.868 4,健康等级为中等;水质状况灰色关联度为0.691 2,健康等级为中等;底质状况灰色关联度为0.968 6,健康等级为优秀;水生生物及生态环境状况灰色关联度为0.750 4,健康等级为中等。20个指标中,河床稳定性、河道弯曲程度、化学需氧量、总磷浓度、鱼类多样性指数和着生藻类多样性指数的评价结果为中等,总氮浓度为病态。自2010年辽河保护区划定以来,其河流底质中重金属污染得到较大改善,但仍存在河床稳定性差、水质污染、鱼类多样性和着生藻类多样性指数较低等问题。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-02-28
  • 刊出日期:  2020-07-20

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