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基于五元联系数法的辽河保护区沈阳段河流健康评价

李海霞 王育鹏 徐笠 冯娜娜 蔚青

李海霞, 王育鹏, 徐笠, 冯娜娜, 蔚青. 基于五元联系数法的辽河保护区沈阳段河流健康评价[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(4): 562-571. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200035
引用本文: 李海霞, 王育鹏, 徐笠, 冯娜娜, 蔚青. 基于五元联系数法的辽河保护区沈阳段河流健康评价[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(4): 562-571. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200035
LI Haixia, WANG Yupeng, XU Li, FENG Nana, YU Qing. River health evaluation in Shenyang Section of Liaohe Conservation Area based on five-element relation number method[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(4): 562-571. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200035
Citation: LI Haixia, WANG Yupeng, XU Li, FENG Nana, YU Qing. River health evaluation in Shenyang Section of Liaohe Conservation Area based on five-element relation number method[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(4): 562-571. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200035

基于五元联系数法的辽河保护区沈阳段河流健康评价

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200035
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李海霞(1990—),女,硕士研究生,主要从事河流健康评价研究,1692337437@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王育鹏 E-mail: 554196007@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: X826

River health evaluation in Shenyang Section of Liaohe Conservation Area based on five-element relation number method

More Information
    Corresponding author: WANG Yupeng E-mail: 554196007@qq.com
  • 摘要: 五元联系数法是针对系统中不确定因素,利用各因素之间的对立性、差异性及同一性对各因素进行系统分析的方法。针对五元联系数法可以同时考虑河流健康评价中的确定与不确定因素的优点,以辽河保护区沈阳段为例,建立了包含河流自然形态状况、水质状况、底质状况、水生生物及生态环境状况、社会服务状况五大类共24个指标的指标体系,以层次分析法确定权重,构建了五元联系数综合评价模型,对辽河保护区沈阳段河流健康状况进行评价。结果表明:辽河保护区沈阳段河流健康评价的五元联系数为0.576 8,河流健康等级为中等,其中,河流自然形态状况最大联系数为0.932 9,评价等级为中等;水质状况最大联系数为0.550 4,评价等级为不健康;底质状况最大联系数为0.920 9,评价等级为优秀;水生生物及生态环境状况最大联系数为0.781 3,评价等级为良好;社会服务状况最大联系数为0.478 3,评价等级为中等。辽河保护区沈阳段底质重金属污染较轻,但存在河床稳定性较差,水体氮、磷污染较为严重,鱼类多样性不高等问题,建议通过严格控制污水排放,强化水资源管理,提高化肥利用率,加强河岸带修复等措施,进一步加强保护区的治理与管理。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-02-28
  • 刊出日期:  2020-07-20

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