留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

北京市北沙河小流域非点源氮、磷负荷估算与源解析

席浩郡 刘贝贝 黄雅娟 马雪庆 邓雅静 刘芙妤 朱洪涛 孙德智

席浩郡, 刘贝贝, 黄雅娟, 马雪庆, 邓雅静, 刘芙妤, 朱洪涛, 孙德智. 北京市北沙河小流域非点源氮、磷负荷估算与源解析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(2): 258-266. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200076
引用本文: 席浩郡, 刘贝贝, 黄雅娟, 马雪庆, 邓雅静, 刘芙妤, 朱洪涛, 孙德智. 北京市北沙河小流域非点源氮、磷负荷估算与源解析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(2): 258-266. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200076
XI Haojun, LIU Beibei, HUANG Yajuan, MA Xueqing, DENG Yajing, LIU Fuyu, ZHU Hongtao, SUN Dezhi. Estimation and sources apportionment of non-point source nitrogen and phosphorus loads in Beishahe sub-catchment of Beijing[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(2): 258-266. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200076
Citation: XI Haojun, LIU Beibei, HUANG Yajuan, MA Xueqing, DENG Yajing, LIU Fuyu, ZHU Hongtao, SUN Dezhi. Estimation and sources apportionment of non-point source nitrogen and phosphorus loads in Beishahe sub-catchment of Beijing[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(2): 258-266. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200076

北京市北沙河小流域非点源氮、磷负荷估算与源解析

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200076
详细信息
    作者简介:

    席浩郡(1998—),女,博士研究生,研究方向为流域污染控制, xhaojun@126.com

    通讯作者:

    朱洪涛 E-mail: zhuhongtao@bjfu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X524

Estimation and sources apportionment of non-point source nitrogen and phosphorus loads in Beishahe sub-catchment of Beijing

More Information
    Corresponding author: ZHU Hongtao E-mail: zhuhongtao@bjfu.edu.cn
  • 摘要: 选取北京市北沙河小流域为研究对象,将非点源污染物分为溶解态和吸附态2类,采用降水径流模型〔径流曲线数模型(SCS-CN)〕、土壤侵蚀模型〔修订的通用土壤流失方程(RUSLE)〕和污染物输出负荷模型,对北沙河小流域非点源氮、磷负荷进行估算,探讨不同土地利用类型产生的氮、磷负荷的空间分布特征。结果表明:北沙河小流域非点源总氮年均负荷为0.625 t/(km2·a),其中溶解态氮为0.190 t/(km2·a),吸附态氮为0.435 t/(km2·a);总磷年均负荷为0.118 t/(km2·a),其中溶解态磷为0.011 t/(km2·a),吸附态磷为0.107 t/(km2·a)。总氮年均负荷较高的3种土地利用类型为农村用地〔0.855 t/(km2·a)〕、林地〔0.713 t/(km2·a)〕和未利用地〔0.619 t/(km2·a)〕;总磷年均负荷较高的3种土地利用类型为草地〔0.238 t/(km2·a)〕、林地〔0.126 t/(km2·a)〕和未利用地〔0.115 t/(km2·a)〕。北沙河小流域氮、磷流失主要以吸附态为主,因此应重点控制流域的土壤侵蚀和水土流失,降低吸附态氮、磷负荷。

     

  • [1] 北京市人民政府. 北京市城乡结合部建设三年行动计划(2015—2017年)[A/OL]. (2015-12-03)[2020-03-31]. http://www.beijing.gov.cn/gongkai/guihua/wngh/qtgh/201907/t20190701_100190.html.
    [2] 杨进怀, 吴敬东, 叶芝菡, 等. 生态清洁小流域在北京生态治理中的地位与作用:以北运河流域为例[J]. 中国水利, 2014(10):9-12.

    YANG J H, WU J D, YE Z H, et al. Role and function of ecologic and clean-type small watershed for ecological restoration in Beijing:case study of the North Canal Basin[J]. China Water Resources, 2014(10):9-12.
    [3] 陈岩, 赵琰鑫, 赵越, 等. 基于SWAT模型的江西八里湖流域氮磷污染负荷研究[J]. 北京大学学报(自然科学版), 2019,55(6):1112-1118.

    CHEN Y, ZHAO Y X, ZHAO Y, et al. Estimating nitrogen and phosphorus pollution load in Bali Lake Basin of Jiangxi Province based on SWAT Model[J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis, 2019,55(6):1112-1118.
    [4] 郝改瑞, 李家科, 李怀恩, 等. 流域非点源污染模型及不确定分析方法研究进展[J]. 水力发电学报, 2018,37(12):54-64.

    HAO G R, LI J K, LI H E, et al. Advances in research of watershed non-point source pollution models and uncertainty analysis methods[J]. Journal of Hydroelectric Engineering, 2018,37(12):54-64.
    [5] 吴敬东, 杨胜天, 叶芝菡, 等. 小流域非点源污染模拟与生态修复影响评价[J]. 水土保持通报, 2019,39(4):236-243.

    WU J D, YANG S T, YE Z H, et al. Non-point source pollution simulation and eco-remediation impact assessment in small watershed[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2019,39(4):236-243.
    [6] ABDELWAHAB O M M, RICCI G F, de GIROLAMO A M, et al. Modelling soil erosion in a Mediterranean Watershed:comparison between SWAT and AnnAGNPS models[J]. Environmental Research, 2018,166:363-376.
    doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.06.029 pmid: 29935449
    [7] MENGISTU A G, van RENSBURG L D, WOYESSA Y E. Techniques for calibration and validation of SWAT model in data scarce arid and semi-arid catchments in South Africa[J]. Journal of Hydrology:Regional Studies, 2019,25:100621.
    [8] GORGOGLIONE A, GIOIA A, IACOBELLIS V, et al. A rationale for pollutograph evaluation in ungauged areas,using daily rainfall patterns:case studies of the Apulian Region in Southern Italy[J]. Applied and Environmental Soil Science, 2016,2016:1-16.
    [9] 李丽华, 李强坤. 农业非点源污染研究进展和趋势[J]. 农业资源与环境学报, 2014,31(1):13-22.

    LI L H, LI Q K. The progress and trends of agricultural non-point source pollution research[J]. Journal of Agricultural Resources and Environment, 2014,31(1):13-22.
    [10] 何杨洋, 王晓燕, 段淑怀. 密云水库上游流域径流曲线模型的参数修订[J]. 水土保持学报, 2016,30(6):134-138.

    HE Y Y, WANG X Y, DUAN S H. Revision of CN value and initial abstraction ratio in the SCS-CN model in upper reaches of Miyun Reservoir[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2016,30(6):134-138.
    [11] 周翠宁, 任树梅, 闫美俊. 曲线数值法(SCS模型)在北京温榆河流域降雨-径流关系中的应用研究[J]. 农业工程学报, 2008,24(3):87-90.

    ZHOU C N, REN S M, YAN M J. Application of SCS model to simulate rainfall-runoff relationship in Wenyu River Basin in Beijing[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2008,24(3):87-90.
    [12] GANASRI B P, RAMESH H. Assessment of soil erosion by RUSLE model using remote sensing and GIS:a case study of Nethravathi Basin[J]. Geoscience Frontiers, 2016,7(6):953-961.
    [13] WILLIAMS J R. The erosion-productivity impact calculator (EPIC) model:a case history[J]. Philosophical Transactions B, 1990,329:421-428.
    [14] AJMAL M, MOON G W, AHN J H, et al. Investigation of SCS-CN and its inspired modified models for runoff estimation in South Korean Watersheds[J]. Journal of Hydro-Environment Research, 2015,9(4):592-603.
    [15] 蔡崇法, 丁树文, 史志华, 等. 应用USLE模型与地理信息系统IDRISI预测小流域土壤侵蚀量的研究[J]. 水土保持学报, 2000,14(2):19-24.

    CAI C F, DING S W, SHI Z H, et al. Study of applying USLE and geographical information system IDRISI to predict soil erosion in small watershed[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2000,14(2):19-24.
    [16] CHEN X K, LIU X B, PENG W Q, et al. Non-point source nitrogen and phosphorus assessment and management plan with an improved method in data-poor regions[J]. Water, 2018,10(1):17.
    [17] 黄金良, 洪华生, 张珞平, 等. 基于GIS的九龙江流域农业非点源氮磷负荷估算研究[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2004,23(5):866-871.

    HUANG J L, HONG H S, ZHANG L P, et al. Nitrogen and phosphorus loading of agricultural non-point sources in Jiulong River Watershed based on GIS[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2004,23(5):866-871.
    [18] 王晓燕, 王晓峰, 汪清平, 等. 北京密云水库小流域非点源污染负荷估算[J]. 地理科学, 2004,24(2):227-231.

    WANG X Y, WANG X F, WANG Q P, et al. Loss of non-point source pollutants from Shixia small watershed,Miyun Reservoir,Beijing[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2004,24(2):227-231.
    [19] 温海广, 周劲风, 李明, 等. 流溪河水库流域非点源溶解态氮磷污染负荷估算[J]. 环境科学研究, 2011,24(4):387-394.

    WEN H G, ZHOU J F, LI M, et al. Estimation of non-point soluble nitrogen and phosphorus pollutant loads in the drainage area of Liuxi River Reservoir[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2011,24(4):387-394.
    [20] 刘晓南, 吴志峰, 程炯, 等. 珠江三角洲典型流域颗粒态氮磷负荷估算研究[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2008,27(4):1432-1436.

    LIU X N, WU Z F, CHENG J, et al. Estimation of the loads of particulate nitrogen and phosphorus in typical drainage area of Pearl River Delta[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2008,27(4):1432-1436.
    [21] 耿润哲, 王晓燕, 吴在兴, 等. 北运河下游不同土地利用非点源污染负荷估算[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2012,31(7):1412-1420.

    GENG R Z, WANG X Y, WU Z X, et al. Non-point source pollution loads from the different land use types in the downstream areas of the Beiyunhe River Basin,China[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2012,31(7):1412-1420.
    [22] 欧阳威, 王玮, 郝芳华, 等. 北京城区不同下垫面降雨径流产污特征分析[J]. 中国环境科学, 2010,30(9):1249-1256.

    OUYANG W, WANG W, HAO F H, et al. Pollution characterization of urban stormwater runoff on different underlying surface conditions[J]. China Environmental Science, 2010,30(9):1249-1256.
    [23] 王晓燕, 王一峋, 王晓峰, 等. 密云水库小流域土地利用方式与氮磷流失规律[J]. 环境科学研究, 2003,16(1):30-33.

    WANG X Y, WANG Y X, WANG X F, et al. The character of nutrient loss and land use in a small watershed of Miyun Reservoir[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2003,16(1):30-33.
    [24] 史志华, 蔡崇法, 丁树文, 等. 基于GIS的汉江中下游农业面源氮磷负荷研究[J]. 环境科学学报, 2002,22(4):473-477.

    SHI Z H, CAI C F, DING S W, et al. Research on nitrogen and phosphorus load of agricultural non-point sources in middle and lower reaches of Hanjiang River based on GIS[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2002,22(4):473-477.
    [25] 龚世飞, 丁武汉, 肖能武, 等. 丹江口水库核心水源区典型流域农业面源污染特征[J]. 农业环境科学学报, 2019,38(12):2816-2825.

    GONG S F, DING W H, XIAO N W, et al. Characteristics of surface runoff and agricultural non-point source pollution in the core water source area of the Danjiangkou Reservoir[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2019,38(12):2816-2825.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  500
  • HTML全文浏览量:  167
  • PDF下载量:  145
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-03-31
  • 刊出日期:  2021-03-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回