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水和沉积物中石油烃的分析方法及污染特征研究进展

曹小聪 吴晓晨 徐文帅 熊曾恒 王晨野 胡珊瑚 胡斐

曹小聪, 吴晓晨, 徐文帅, 熊曾恒, 王晨野, 胡珊瑚, 胡斐. 水和沉积物中石油烃的分析方法及污染特征研究进展[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(5): 871-882. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200077
引用本文: 曹小聪, 吴晓晨, 徐文帅, 熊曾恒, 王晨野, 胡珊瑚, 胡斐. 水和沉积物中石油烃的分析方法及污染特征研究进展[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(5): 871-882. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200077
CAO Xiaocong, WU Xiaochen, XU Wenshuai, XIONG Zengheng, WANG Chenye, HU Shanhu, HU Fei. Research progress of analytical methods and pollution characteristics of petroleum hydrocarbons in water and sediment[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(5): 871-882. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200077
Citation: CAO Xiaocong, WU Xiaochen, XU Wenshuai, XIONG Zengheng, WANG Chenye, HU Shanhu, HU Fei. Research progress of analytical methods and pollution characteristics of petroleum hydrocarbons in water and sediment[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(5): 871-882. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200077

水和沉积物中石油烃的分析方法及污染特征研究进展

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200077
详细信息
    作者简介:

    曹小聪(1991—),男,硕士,助理工程师,主要研究方向为环境有机污染物分析,hncaoxc@hainan.gov.cn

    通讯作者:

    胡斐 E-mail: taoxiaolv@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: X132

Research progress of analytical methods and pollution characteristics of petroleum hydrocarbons in water and sediment

More Information
    Corresponding author: HU Fei E-mail: taoxiaolv@sina.com
  • 摘要: 综述了近年来国内外有关水和沉积物中石油烃的分析方法和污染特征研究进展。对各类提取方法和测定方法的原理、适用范围、优缺点和应用进行了系统的总结和评述。目前,水样中石油烃的提取方法最常用的是液-液萃取,而沉积物样品最常用的是索氏萃取、超声波萃取,气相色谱是测定总石油烃浓度和石油烃特定组分浓度的主要发展方向。同时总结了石油烃在全球范围内水和沉积物中的污染水平、分布情况以及影响因素。结果表明:水中石油烃低污染浓度(0.05~4.13 μg/L)出现在泰国湾和马来西亚半岛东海岸,高污染浓度(1 581 541 μg/L)出现在澳大利亚新南威尔士州;沉积物中石油烃低污染浓度(未检出~1.71 mg/kg)来自波斯湾北部的海岸线和红树林,高污染浓度(300~16 500 mg/kg)来自珠江口;水和沉积物中石油烃污染主要分布在亚洲;石油泄漏、工业废水排放和城市径流是环境中石油烃污染水平升高的主要影响因素。最后,对今后水和沉积物中石油烃的研究重点进行了展望。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-04-01
  • 刊出日期:  2020-09-20

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