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抗生素赋存、来源及风险评估研究进展

陈宇 许亚南 庞燕

陈宇, 许亚南, 庞燕. 抗生素赋存、来源及风险评估研究进展[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(3): 562-570. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200180
引用本文: 陈宇, 许亚南, 庞燕. 抗生素赋存、来源及风险评估研究进展[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(3): 562-570. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200180
CHEN Yu, XU Yanan, PANG Yan. Advances in research on the occurrence, source and risk assessment of antibiotics[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(3): 562-570. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200180
Citation: CHEN Yu, XU Yanan, PANG Yan. Advances in research on the occurrence, source and risk assessment of antibiotics[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(3): 562-570. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200180

抗生素赋存、来源及风险评估研究进展

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200180
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈宇(1996—),女,硕士研究生,主要从事新污染物的环境风险与控制研究,913174496@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    庞燕 E-mail: 190068749@qq.com

Advances in research on the occurrence, source and risk assessment of antibiotics

More Information
    Corresponding author: PANG Yan E-mail: 190068749@qq.com
  • 摘要: 以近10年不同学者对抗生素污染的研究为基础,综述了目前国内外抗生素的使用情况,对水环境的污染情况,主要来源及风险评估方法。结果表明:水环境中存在的抗生素种类主要有喹诺酮类、磺胺类、大环内酯类及四环素类,相较国外,中国河流、湖泊中抗生素的检出种类更多,污染情况更复杂,且内陆与沿海水体中抗生素的主要污染种类存在一定的差异性;水环境中抗生素污染的主要来源为城市污水处理厂出水、医疗废水、畜禽养殖和水产养殖废水;目前针对水体、沉积物中抗生素单一及混合污染已建立起相应的评估指标体系,但在毒理数据、评估方法、影响因素等方面亟待完善。建议加强抗生素的来源控制,改善污水处理厂工艺,完善风险评估体系。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-07-22
  • 刊出日期:  2021-05-20

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