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北京4个功能区春冬季大气重污染期间PM10和PM2.5化学污染特征及影响因素分析

刘艳菊 杨峥 刘庆阳 亓学奎 张婷婷 王欣欣 朱明淏

刘艳菊, 杨峥, 刘庆阳, 亓学奎, 张婷婷, 王欣欣, 朱明淏. 北京4个功能区春冬季大气重污染期间PM10和PM2.5化学污染特征及影响因素分析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 631-646. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200214
引用本文: 刘艳菊, 杨峥, 刘庆阳, 亓学奎, 张婷婷, 王欣欣, 朱明淏. 北京4个功能区春冬季大气重污染期间PM10和PM2.5化学污染特征及影响因素分析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 631-646. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200214
LIU Yanju, YANG Zheng, LIU Qingyang, QI Xuekui, ZHANG Tingting, WANG Xinxin, ZHU Minghao. Chemical pollution characteristics of PM10and PM2.5 during heavy air pollution in spring and winter in four functional areas of Beijing and their associated influencing factors[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 631-646. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200214
Citation: LIU Yanju, YANG Zheng, LIU Qingyang, QI Xuekui, ZHANG Tingting, WANG Xinxin, ZHU Minghao. Chemical pollution characteristics of PM10and PM2.5 during heavy air pollution in spring and winter in four functional areas of Beijing and their associated influencing factors[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 631-646. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200214

北京4个功能区春冬季大气重污染期间PM10和PM2.5化学污染特征及影响因素分析

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200214
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘艳菊(1969—),女,研究员,博士,研究方向为环境生物学, liuyanju@hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: X51

Chemical pollution characteristics of PM10and PM2.5 during heavy air pollution in spring and winter in four functional areas of Beijing and their associated influencing factors

  • 摘要: 选取北京4个功能区,包括西三环(交通带)、花园北路(商业区)、昌平农村(乡村)、麋鹿苑(郊区)作为研究对象,在2015年春冬季的4次重污染过程分别采集PM10和PM2.5样品,采用主成分分析解析采样期间PM10和PM2.5的污染来源,分析10种水溶性离子、有机碳/元素碳(OC/EC)、16种多环芳烃(PAHs)以及7种重金属元素(Zn、Mn、Pb、Ni、Cu、Cr和As)的污染特征,结合气象条件和后向轨迹,探讨几次典型污染事件形成的气象影响因素及颗粒物化学成分差异。结果表明:采样期间,4月9日、15日的西三环,3月16—17日的花园北路,11月12—16日的昌平农村和3月28—29日的麋鹿苑日均PM10和PM2.5浓度分别大于200和100 μg/m 3,超过GB 3095—2012《环境空气质量标准》二类功能区浓度限值,属于重污染天气。4个采样点颗粒物中主要污染物均为二次水溶性离子 NO 3 - SO 4 2 - NH 4 + 和二次有机碳(SOC)。颗粒物中PAHs以4~6环为主,重金属元素以Zn和Mn为主。4个功能区采样点50%~95%水溶性离子、43%~93%的PAHs、44%~97%的7种重金属元素富集在PM2.5中。不同功能区采样点颗粒物化学组分各有特点,西三环的 NO 3 - 、花园北路的Cl- NH 4 + 、昌平农村的 NH 4 + 以及麋鹿苑的Ca2+浓度在总水溶性离子中占比较高;花园北路的PAHs、昌平农村的PAHs和Ni在颗粒物中占比较高。采样期间PM10和PM2.5污染主要来源于燃煤源、交通和二次源以及生物质源。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-28
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-20

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