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天津中东部平原区土壤盐分空间分布特征

贾娇 何萍 徐杰 任颖 侯利萍

贾娇, 何萍, 徐杰, 任颖, 侯利萍. 天津中东部平原区土壤盐分空间分布特征[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 711-719. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200221
引用本文: 贾娇, 何萍, 徐杰, 任颖, 侯利萍. 天津中东部平原区土壤盐分空间分布特征[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 711-719. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200221
JIA Jiao, HE Ping, XU Jie, REN Ying, HOU Liping. Spatial distribution characteristics of soil salinity in the middle and eastern plain of Tianjin[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 711-719. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200221
Citation: JIA Jiao, HE Ping, XU Jie, REN Ying, HOU Liping. Spatial distribution characteristics of soil salinity in the middle and eastern plain of Tianjin[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 711-719. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200221

天津中东部平原区土壤盐分空间分布特征

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200221
详细信息
    作者简介:

    贾娇(1992—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为湿地生态学, jiajiao0121@163.com

    通讯作者:

    何萍 E-mail: heping@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X53

Spatial distribution characteristics of soil salinity in the middle and eastern plain of Tianjin

More Information
    Corresponding author: HE Ping E-mail: heping@craes.org.cn
  • 摘要: 土壤盐渍化是滨海地区生态保护修复的重要影响因素。为了解天津平原地区土壤盐渍化程度,沿永定新河、海河干流和独流减河3条入海河流海陆方向开展堤外土壤盐分采样调查,结合地统计学和GIS技术,分析海陆方向土壤盐分的空间梯度和变异特征,以期为天津生态保护修复和陆海统筹提供科学依据。结果表明:土壤水溶性盐含量和碱化度整体呈自东南向西北递减的趋势;重度及以上盐渍化土主要分布在海岸线向陆地纵深15 km的滨海新区,其中盐土、重度碱化土主要分布在大港距海10 km内、塘沽与汉沽距海5 km内;中度盐渍化土主要分布在独流减河沿线距海15~60 km内;轻度盐渍化土主要分布在海河干流沿线距海10~60 km内。土壤阳离子以Na+为主;从海岸线向陆域方向,土壤阴离子从以Cl- SO 4 2 - 为主逐步过渡到以 SO 4 2 - CO 3 2 - + HCO 3 - 为主。独流减河一线盐渍土类型以硫酸盐-氯化物和氯化物-硫酸盐为主;海河干流中部平原区盐渍土类型以硫酸盐-苏打为主;永定新河一线盐渍土类型以硫酸盐-氯化物和苏打-硫酸盐为主。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-09-14
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-20

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