留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

辽河保护区土壤保持功能时空变化及其影响因素分析

贾振宇 王世曦 刘学 孙倩莹 杨春艳 冯朝阳

贾振宇, 王世曦, 刘学, 孙倩莹, 杨春艳, 冯朝阳. 辽河保护区土壤保持功能时空变化及其影响因素分析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 686-692. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200231
引用本文: 贾振宇, 王世曦, 刘学, 孙倩莹, 杨春艳, 冯朝阳. 辽河保护区土壤保持功能时空变化及其影响因素分析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 686-692. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200231
JIA Zhenyu, WANG Shixi, LIU Xue, SUN Qianying, YANG Chunyan, FENG Chaoyang. Spatial and temporal variation of soil conservation function and its in fluencing factors in Liaohe Conservation Area[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 686-692. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200231
Citation: JIA Zhenyu, WANG Shixi, LIU Xue, SUN Qianying, YANG Chunyan, FENG Chaoyang. Spatial and temporal variation of soil conservation function and its in fluencing factors in Liaohe Conservation Area[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 686-692. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200231

辽河保护区土壤保持功能时空变化及其影响因素分析

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200231
详细信息
    作者简介:

    贾振宇(1989—),男,助理研究员,硕士,主要从事生态文明评估、生态资产核算研究, jiazy@craes.org.cn

    通讯作者:

    孙倩莹 E-mail: sunqy@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X522,S157

Spatial and temporal variation of soil conservation function and its in fluencing factors in Liaohe Conservation Area

More Information
    Corresponding author: SUN Qianying E-mail: sunqy@craes.org.cn
  • 摘要: 土壤保持是生态系统提供的调节服务之一,在维持生态安全等方面发挥着重要作用。以辽河保护区为研究对象,基于中国土壤流失方程(CSLE)模型和地理探测器等方法,开展土壤保持功能时空变化及影响因素分析。结果表明:2010—2018年辽河保护区土壤以微度和轻度侵蚀为主,土壤侵蚀量呈降低趋势,土壤侵蚀严重的区域主要位于河流两侧及下段;土壤保持功能不断增强,土壤保持量较高的区域集中在河流上段和中段;土壤保持功能表现出随降水量、高程增加先减少后增加,随坡度和植被覆盖度增加而增加的趋势,在林地—耕地—草地—灌木林梯度上呈递减趋势;土地利用类型是影响辽河保护区土壤保持格局的主导因素;土地利用类型为耕地,降水量为657~735 mm,坡度为35°~68°,高程为-73~-26 m,植被覆盖度为0~0.3时,土壤保持能力最低,坡度和土地利用类型的交互作用对土壤保持能力变化的解释力最强。

     

  • [1] Millennium ecosystem assessment:ecosystems & human well-being:synthesis report[M]. Washington DC: Island Press, 2005.
    [2] 吴迎霞. 海河流域生态服务功能空间格局及其驱动机制[D]. 武汉:武汉理工大学, 2013.
    [3] 饶恩明, 肖燚, 欧阳志云, 等. 海南岛生态系统土壤保持功能空间特征及影响因素[J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33(3):746-755.
    doi: 10.5846/stxb

    RAO E M, XIAO Y, OUYANG Z Y, et al. Spatial characteristics of soil conservation service and its impact factors in Hainan Island[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(3):746-755. doi: 10.5846/stxb
    [4] 魏伟, 石培基, 周俊菊, 等. 基于GIS的石羊河流域可持续发展能力评估[J]. 地域研究与开发, 2014, 33(6):170-174.

    WEI W, SHI P J, ZHOU J J, et al. Assessment of sustainable development of the Shiyang River Basin based on GIS[J]. Areal Research and Development, 2014, 33(6):170-174.
    [5] 姜琳, 边金虎, 李爱农, 等. 岷江上游2000—2010年土壤侵蚀时空格局动态变化[J]. 水土保持学报, 2014, 28(1):18-25.

    JIANG L, BIAN J H, LI A N, et al. Spatial-temporal changes of soil erosion in the upper reaches of Minjiang River from 2000 to 2010[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2014, 28(1):18-25.
    [6] FISTIKOGLU O, HARMANCIOGLU N B. Integration of GIS with USLE in assessment of soil erosion[J]. Water Resources Management, 2002, 16(6):447-467.
    doi: 10.1023/A:1022282125760
    [7] RENARD K G, FOSTER G R, WEESIES G A, et al. RUSLE:revised universal soil loss equation[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 1991, 46(1):30-33.
    [8] 吴礼福. 黄土高原土壤侵蚀模型及其应用[J]. 水土保持通报, 1996, 16(5):29-35.

    WU L F. Soil erosion model and its application in loess plateau[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 1996, 16(5):29-35.
    [9] LAFFEN J M, LWONARD J L, FOSTER G R. Weep a new generation of erosion prediction technology[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 1991, 46(1):34-38.
    [10] MORGAN R P C, QUINTON J N, SMITH R E, et al. The European Soil Erosion Model (EUROSEM):a dynamic approach for predicting sediment transport from fields and small catchments[J]. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 1998, 23(6):527-544.
    doi: 10.1002/(ISSN)1096-9837
    [11] 刘宝元, 毕小刚, 符素华, 等. 北京土壤流失方程[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2010:7-13.
    [12] 王略, 屈创, 赵国栋. 基于中国土壤流失方程模型的区域土壤侵蚀定量评价[J]. 水土保持通报, 2018, 38(1):122-125.

    WANG L, QU C, ZHAO G D. Quantitative assessment of regional soil erosion based on Chinese soil loss equation model[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 38(1):122-125.
    [13] 李翠漫, 卢远, 刘斌涛, 等. 广西西江流域土壤侵蚀估算及特征分析[J]. 水土保持研究, 2018, 25(2):34-39.

    LI C M, LU Y, LIU B T, et al. Estimation and characteristics analysis of soil erosion in Xijiang River Basin of Guangxi[J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 25(2):34-39.
    [14] LIU B Y, ZHANG K L, XIE Y. An empirical soil lossequation[C]//Proceedings of the 12th ISCO Coference.Vol.Ⅱ:process of soil erosion and its environment effect. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2002:21-25.
    [15] 马亚亚, 王杰, 张超, 等. 基于CSLE模型的陕北纸坊沟流域土壤侵蚀评价[J]. 水土保持通报, 2018, 38(6):95-102.

    MA Y Y, WANG J, ZHANG C, et al. Evaluation of soil erosion based on CSLE model in Zhifanggou Watershed of northern Shaanxi Province[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 38(6):95-102.
    [16] 陈美淇, 魏欣, 张科利, 等. 基于CSLE模型的贵州省水土流失规律分析[J]. 水土保持学报, 2017, 31(3):16-21.

    CHEN M Q, WEI X, ZHANG K L, et al. Analysis of the characteristics of soil and water loss in Guizhou Province based on CSLE[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2017, 31(3):16-21.
    [17] 何维灿, 赵尚民, 王睿博, 等. 基于GIS和CSLE的山西省土壤侵蚀风险研究[J]. 水土保持研究, 2016, 23(3):58-64.

    HE W C, ZHAO S M, WANG R B, et al. Research on soil erosion risk based on GIS and CSLE in Shanxi Province[J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2016, 23(3):58-64.
    [18] 章文波, 谢云, 刘宝元. 利用日雨量计算降雨侵蚀力的方法研究[J]. 地理科学, 2002, 22(6):705-711.

    ZHANG W B, XIE Y, LIU B Y. Rainfall erosivity estimation using daily rainfall amounts[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2002, 22(6):705-711.
    [19] WILLIAMS J R, JONES C A, DYKE P T. A modeling approach to determining the relationship between erosion and soil productivity[J]. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1984, 27(1):129-144.
    doi: 10.13031/2013.32748
    [20] McCOOL D K, FOSTER G R, MUTCHLER C K, et al. Revised slope length factor for the universal soil loss equation[J]. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1989, 32(5):1571-1576.
    doi: 10.13031/2013.31192
    [21] LIU B Y, NEARING M A, SHI P J, et al. Slope length effects on soil loss for steep slopes[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2000, 64(5):1759-1763.
    doi: 10.2136/sssaj2000.6451759x
    [22] 中国水利水电出版社. 水土保持情况普查报告(第一次全国水利普查成果丛书)[M]. 北京: 中国水利水电出版社, 2017:73-79.
    [23] 王劲峰, 徐成东. 地理探测器:原理与展望[J]. 地理学报, 2017, 72(1):116-134.
    doi: 10.11821/dlxb201701010

    WANG J F, XU C D. Geodetector:principle and prospective[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2017, 72(1):116-134. doi: 10.11821/dlxb201701010
    [24] 王欢, 高江波, 侯文娟. 基于地理探测器的喀斯特不同地貌形态类型区土壤侵蚀定量归因[J]. 地理学报, 2018, 73(9):1674-1686.
    doi: 10.11821/dlxb201809005

    WANG H, GAO J B, HOU W J. Quantitative attribution analysis of soil erosion in different morphological types of geomorphology in karst areas:based on the geographical detector method[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2018, 73(9):1674-1686. doi: 10.11821/dlxb201809005
    [25] 邹雅婧, 闫庆武, 谭学玲, 等. 渭北矿区土壤侵蚀评估及驱动因素分析[J]. 干旱区地理, 2019, 42(6):1387-1394.

    ZOU Y J, YAN Q W, TAN X L, et al. Evaluation of soil erosion and driving factors analysis in Weibei mining area[J]. Arid Land Geography, 2019, 42(6):1387-1394.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  371
  • HTML全文浏览量:  174
  • PDF下载量:  56
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-09-21
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回