留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

银川市PM2.5中水溶性离子污染特征与来源分析

李慧 王淑兰 张敬巧 王涵 张玉龙 靳燕 王平

李慧, 王淑兰, 张敬巧, 王涵, 张玉龙, 靳燕, 王平. 银川市PM2.5中水溶性离子污染特征与来源分析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 624-630. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200247
引用本文: 李慧, 王淑兰, 张敬巧, 王涵, 张玉龙, 靳燕, 王平. 银川市PM2.5中水溶性离子污染特征与来源分析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 624-630. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200247
LI Hui, WANG Shulan, ZHANG Jingqiao, WANG Han, ZHANG Yulong, JIN Yan, WANG Ping. Pollution characterization and source analysis of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 of Yinchuan City[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 624-630. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200247
Citation: LI Hui, WANG Shulan, ZHANG Jingqiao, WANG Han, ZHANG Yulong, JIN Yan, WANG Ping. Pollution characterization and source analysis of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 of Yinchuan City[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 624-630. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200247

银川市PM2.5中水溶性离子污染特征与来源分析

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200247
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李慧(1988—),女,工程师,硕士,主要从事大气颗粒物污染特征及来源解析研究, lihui@craes.org.cn

    通讯作者:

    王淑兰 E-mail: wangsl@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X513

Pollution characterization and source analysis of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 of Yinchuan City

More Information
    Corresponding author: WANG Shulan E-mail: wangsl@craes.org.cn
  • 摘要: 为明确银川市PM2.5中水溶性离子季节变化特征,于2016年秋冬季和2017年春夏季在银川市开展PM2.5样品采集,分析PM2.5中9种水溶性离子(Na+ NH 4 + 、K+、Mg2+、Ca2+、F-、Cl- NO 3 - SO 4 2 - )。结果表明:PM2.5中9种水溶性离子平均浓度和为(23.5±16.8)μg/m3,占PM2.5的24.1%,并呈现秋冬高、春夏低的特征,浓度水平为 SO 4 2 - > NO 3 - > NH 4 + >Cl->Ca2+>K+>Na+>Mg2+>F-,其中SNA( SO 4 2 - NO 3 - NH 4 + )占总离子浓度的80.3%,占PM2.5的20.2%。重污染日SNA对PM2.5的贡献比非重污染日增加1.7个百分点,说明银川市PM2.5浓度越高,二次污染越严重。观测期间银川市阳离子当量浓度(CE)/阴离子当量浓度(AE)平均值为1.4±0.8,春季、夏季、秋季和冬季CE/AE平均值分别为2.8±1.1、2.0±0.4、1.0±0.2和1.1±0.2,表明春季和夏季PM2.5中碱性无机阳离子的贡献较大,秋季和冬季阴阳离子基本平衡。主成分分析结果表明,二次无机源、工业源和扬尘源是银川市PM2.5 中水溶性离子的主要来源。后向轨迹聚类分析结果显示,观测期间污染气团主要来源于南部,PM2.5浓度较高,来源于南部的气团受二次污染源的影响较大。

     

  • [1] 李培, 王新, 柴发合, 等. 我国城市大气污染控制综合管理对策[J]. 环境与可持续发展, 2011, 36(5):8-14.

    LI P, WANG X, CHAI F H, et al. Recommandation and suggestion on policy and measures for air pollution control integrated management in China[J]. Environment and Sustainable Development, 2011, 36(5):8-14.
    [2] HUANG D S, XU J H, ZHANG S Q. Valuing the health risks of particulate air pollution in the Pearl River Delta,China[J]. Environmental Science & Policy, 2012, 15(1):38-47.
    [3] CHENG Z, LUO L, WANG S, et al. Status and characteristics of ambient PM2.5 pollution in global megacities[J]. Environment International, 2016, 89/90:212-221.
    doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2016.02.003
    [4] 贺克斌. 大气颗粒物与区域复合污染[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2011:234-236.
    [5] 周登, 张帆, 吴涛涛, 等. 冬季霾天气下武汉城区大气PM2.5的化学特征[J]. 湖北农业科学, 2014, 53(2):5109-5111.
    [6] MARIA C M, MOHAMMAD A, JAMES J S, et al. Seasonal and spatial variations of sources of fine and quasiultrafine particulate matter in neighborhoods near the Los Angeles-Long Beach harbor[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2008, 42:7317-7328.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.07.036
    [7] JEONG C H, LEE D W, KIM E, et al. Measurement of real-time PM 2.5 mass,sulfate,and carbonaceous aerosols at the multiple monitoring sites[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2004, 38:5247-5256.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.12.046
    [8] RATTIGAN O V, HOGREFE O, FELTON H D, et al. Multi-year urban and rural semi-continuous PM2.5 sulfate and nitrate measurements in New York State:evaluation and comparison with filterbased measurements[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2006, 40:192-205.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.12.071
    [9] KIM H S, HUH J B, HOPKE P K, et al. Characteristics of the major chemical constituents of PM2.5 and smog events in Seoul,Korea in 2003 and 2004[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2007, 41:6762-6770.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.04.060
    [10] DALIA S, ANAIS D, JORGE P, et al. PM2.5 chemical composition in five European Mediterranean cities:a 1-year study[J]. Atmospheric Research, 2015, 155:102-117.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2014.12.001
    [11] DU W J, ZHANG Y R, CHEN Y T, et al. Chemical characterization and source apportionment of PM2.5 during spring and winter in the Yangtze River Delta,China[J]. Aerosol & Air Quality Research, 2017, 17(9):2165-2180.
    [12] LIU J, WU D, FAN S J, et al. A one-year,on-line,multi-site observational study on water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 over the Pearl River Delta Region,China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 601/602:1720-1732.
    doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.039
    [13] MENG C C, WANG L T, ZHANG F F, et al. Characteristics of concentrations and water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in Handan City,Hebei Province,China[J]. Atmospheric Research, 2016, 171:133-146.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2015.12.013
    [14] 张娟, 王炜, 赵颖. 北京市延庆区PM2.5中主要水溶性无机离子特征及来源解析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2020, 10(2):173-182.

    ZHANG J, WANG W, ZHAO Y. Characteristics and source analysis of water-soluble inorganic ions in PM2.5 in Yanqing District,Beijing [J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2020, 10(2):173-182.
    [15] HUANG X J, ZHANG J K, LUO B, et al. Water-soluble ions in PM2.5 during spring haze and dust periods in Chengdu,China:variations,nitrate formation and potential source areas[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2018, 243:1740-1749.
    doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.09.126
    [16] GUO Z Y, GUO Q J, CHEN S L, et al. Study on pollution behavior and sulfate formation during the typical haze event in Nanjing with water soluble inorganic ions and sulfur isotopes[J]. Atmospheric Research, 2019, 217:198-207.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2018.11.009
    [17] YANG Y J, ZHOU R, YU Y, et al. Size-resolved aerosol water-soluble ions at a regional background station of Beijing,Tianjin,and Hebei,North China[J]. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2017, 55:146-156.
    doi: 10.1016/j.jes.2016.07.012
    [18] 刘玉兰, 梁培, 刘娟, 等. 1961—2008年银川市灰霾天气的气候特征[J]. 气象与环境学报, 2012, 28(1):55-58.

    LIU Y L, LIANG P, LIU J, et al. Climatic characteristics of haze weather from 1961 to 2008 in Yinchuan[J]. Journal of Meteorology and Environment, 2012, 28(1):55-58.
    [19] 李强, 杨建玲, 丁建军, 等. 宁夏1981—2010年大气能见度变化特征及气象因子分析[J]. 宁夏工程技术, 2018, 17(2):102-108.

    LI Q, YANG J L, DING J J, et al. Analyses on variation characteristics of atmospheric visibility and meteorological factors in Ningxia during 1981-2010[J]. Ningxia Engineering Technology, 2018, 17(2):102-108.
    [20] 刘玉兰, 缑晓辉, 严晓瑜, 等. 银川市气溶胶变化特征及其与气象条件的关系分析[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2014, 37(12):123-128.
    doi: 10.1021/es020601l

    LIU Y L, GUO X H, YAN X Y, et al. Variation of aerosol and its relationship with meteorological conditions in Yinchuan City[J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2014, 37(12):123-128. doi: 10.1021/es020601l
    [21] 缑晓辉, 严晓瑜, 刘玉兰, 等. 银川地区大气颗粒物浓度变化特征及其与气象条件的关系[J]. 气象与环境学报, 2016, 32(6):58-68.

    GOU X H, YAN X Y, LIU Y L, et al. Characteristics of atmospheric particulate and their relationships with meteorological conditions in Yinchuan area[J]. Journal of Meteorology and Environment, 2016, 32(6):58-68.
    [22] 仇惠琼, 田娟, 任学蓉, 等. 银川市环境空气PM10和PM2.5中水溶性离子化学特征及来源分析[J]. 宁夏农林科技, 2017, 58(6):59-62.

    QIU H Q, TIAN J, REN X R, et al. Chemical characteristics and sources of water soluble ions in PM10 and PM2.5 of ambient air in Yinchuan City [J]. Ningxia Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Science and Technology, 2017, 58(6):59-62.
    [23] 罗达通, 刘湛, 王淑兰, 等. 一次强沙尘过程影响下的银川市大气污染物浓度及PM2.5化学组成变化特征[J]. 环境污染与防治, 2018, 40(8):931-936.

    LUO D T, LIU Z, WANG S L, et al. Characteristics of ambient pollutants concentrations and PM2.5 chemical compositions during a dust episode in Yinchuan [J]. Environmental Pollution & Control, 2018, 40(8):931-936.
    [24] 李慧, 张敬巧, 王涵, 等. 银川市冬季PM2.5重污染特征、来源与成因分析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2020, 33(2):289-295.

    LI H, ZHANG J Q, WANG H, et al. Pollution characteristics and source analysis of PM2.5 in Yinchuan City during winter [J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2020, 33(2):289-295.
    [25] GUO S, HU M, WANG Z B, et al. Size-resolved aerosol water-soluble ionic compositions in the summer of Beijing:implication of regional secondary formation[J]. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2010, 10(3):947-959.
    doi: 10.5194/acp-10-947-2010
    [26] 罗达通. 典型沙尘多发地银川市PM2.5污染特征及来源分析[D]. 北京:中国环境科学研究院, 2015:50-57.
    [27] HUANG R J, ZHANG Y, BOZZETTI C, et al. High secondary aerosol contribution to particulate pollution during haze events in China[J]. Nature, 2014, 514(7521):218-222.
    doi: 10.1038/nature13774
    [28] JIN X, CHENG M T, WEN T X, et al. The variation of water-soluble inorganic ions during a heavy pollution episode in winter,Beijing[J]. Environmental Chemistry, 2012, 31(6):783-790.
    [29] YAO X H, CHAN C K, FANG M, et al. The water-soluble ionic composition of PM2.5 in Shanghai and Beijing,China[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2002, 36(26):4223-4234.
    doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00342-4
    [30] XU L L, CHEN X Q, CHEN J S, et al. Seasonal variations and chemical compositions of PM2.5 aerosol in the urban area of Fuzhou,China[J]. Atmospheric Research, 2012, 104/105:264-272.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.10.017
    [31] 王琼真. 亚洲沙尘长途传输中与典型大气污染物的混合和相互作用及其对城市空气质量的影响[D]. 上海:复旦大学, 2012.
    [32] ZHOU J, XING Z, DENG J, et al. Characterizing and sourcing ambient PM2.5 over key emission regions in China:Ⅰ.water-soluble ions and carbonaceous fractions[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2016, 135:20-30.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.03.054
    [33] 李英红. 兰州市大气细颗粒物PM2.5化学成分污染特征及来源分析[D]. 兰州:兰州大学, 2015.
    [34] WANG Y Q, ZHANG X Y, ARIMOTO R, et al. The transport pathways and sources of PM10 pollution in Beijing during spring 2001,2002 and 2003[J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2004, 31(14):L14110.
    doi: 10.1029/2004GL019732
    [35] KASSOMENOS P A, VARDOULAKIS S, CHALOULAKOU A, et al. Study of PM10 and PM2.5 levels in three European cities:analysis of intra and inter urban variations[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2014, 87:153-163.
    doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.01.004
    [36] PARK S K, O’NEILL M S, STUNDER B J, et al. Source location of air pollution and cardiac autonomic function:trajectory cluster analysis for exposure assessment[J]. Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, 2007, 17(5):488-497.
    [37] WANG F, CHEN D S, CHENG S Y, et al. Identification of regional atmospheric PM10 transport pathways using HYSPLIT,MM5-CMAQ and synoptic pressure pattern analysis[J]. Environmental Modelling & Software, 2010, 25(8):927-934.
    [38] JORBA O, PEREZ C, ROCADENBOSCH F, et al. Cluster analysis of 4-day back trajectories arriving in the Barcelona area,Spain,from 1997 to 2002[J]. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 2004, 43:887-901.
    doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(2004)043<0887:CAODBT>2.0.CO;2
    [39] 王浩, 高健, 李慧, 等. 2007—2014年北京地区PM2.5浓度变化特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(6):783-790.

    WANG H, GAO J, LI H, et al. Variation of PM2.5 mass concentration in Beijing area during 2007-2014 [J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(6):783-790.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  415
  • HTML全文浏览量:  152
  • PDF下载量:  74
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-15
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回