留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

融入变异系数的空气和地表水质量评价方法

冯然 翟德超 袁永生

冯然, 翟德超, 袁永生. 融入变异系数的空气和地表水质量评价方法[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 814-822. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200262
引用本文: 冯然, 翟德超, 袁永生. 融入变异系数的空气和地表水质量评价方法[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(4): 814-822. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200262
FENG Ran, ZHAI Dechao, YUAN Yongsheng. Research on air and surface water quality evaluation method incorporated with the coefficient of variation[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 814-822. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200262
Citation: FENG Ran, ZHAI Dechao, YUAN Yongsheng. Research on air and surface water quality evaluation method incorporated with the coefficient of variation[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(4): 814-822. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200262

融入变异系数的空气和地表水质量评价方法

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200262
详细信息
    作者简介:

    冯然(1997—),女,硕士研究生,主要从事数理统计学研究, fengran0608@163.com

    通讯作者:

    袁永生 E-mail: ysyuan3@hhu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X82

Research on air and surface water quality evaluation method incorporated with the coefficient of variation

More Information
    Corresponding author: YUAN Yongsheng E-mail: ysyuan3@hhu.edu.cn
  • 摘要: 空气质量指数和综合污染指数为近些年国内最常用的环境质量评价方法,二者分别取各监测指标质量分指数的最大值和平均值,使得前者只重视首要污染物,后者忽略了污染物之间的重要性差异。为解决上述问题,将变异系数融入其中,动态调整了污染物项目之间的权重分布,总质量指数为各分指数的加权平均。通过设定滑动抽取的天数/月数,根据实地情况调节评价指数对长期/短期污染物的敏感度,提高了这2种评价方法的合理性和实用性。以2015—2019年北京市密云和西帽山的环境监测数据为例,验证了这2种改进方法的有效性,运用改进的方法分析了该5年北京市空气质量的时空分布变化。结果表明:北京市空气监测指标中的PM2.5和PM10以及地表水监测指标中的溶解氧、总磷和总氮的变异系数较大;空气质量持续向好,并呈现从北到南逐渐变好的梯度分布。

     

  • [1] World Health Organization. Air quality guidelines-global update 2005[R]. Bonn:WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2005:275-280.
    [2] GÓMEZ-PELÁEZ L M, SANTOS J M, de ALMEIDA-ALBUQUERQUE T T, et al. Air quality status and trends over large cities in South America[J]. Environmental Science & Policy, 2020, 114:422-435.
    [3] STOCKER J, CARRUTHERS D, JOHNSON K, et al. Evaluation of local and regional air quality forecasts for London[J]. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 2018, 64(1/2/3):178.
    doi: 10.1504/IJEP.2018.099160
    [4] 刘杰. 北京大气污染物时空变化规律及评价预测模型研究[D]. 北京:北京科技大学, 2015.
    [5] QIAN Q, SUN B, LI X C, et al. Water quality evaluation on an urban stormwater retention pond using wireless sensor networks and hydrodynamic modeling[J]. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 2019, 145(12):05019011.
    doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0001434
    [6] CASTIGLIONE C, INFANTE D, SMIRNOVA J. Environment and economic growth:is the rule of law the go-between:the case of high-income countries[J]. Energy,Sustainability and Society, 2015, 5(1):1-7.
    doi: 10.1186/s13705-014-0031-7
    [7] 刘萍. 基于主成分分析和多元线性回归模型的空气质量评价方法研究[D]. 昆明:云南大学, 2015.
    [8] 张茹, 张学杨, 陆洪光, 等. 基于层次分析和主成分分析的城市空气质量评价:以徐州市为例[J]. 安全与环境工程, 2017, 24(3):103-107.

    ZHANG R, ZHANG X Y, LU H G, et al. Urban air quality evaluation by analytic hierarchy process and principal component analysis:a case study of Xuzhou City[J]. Safety and Environmental Engineering, 2017, 24(3):103-107.
    [9] 王诗瑶. 水阳江干流(宣城段)水环境综合治理对策研究[D]. 合肥:合肥工业大学, 2018.
    [10] 吕铃钥, 李洪远. 基于模糊综合评判的京津冀地区空气质量评价[J]. 南开大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 49(1):62-68.

    LÜ L Y, LI H Y. Air quality evaluation of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region of China based on the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method[J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Nankaiensis, 2016, 49(1):62-68.
    [11] 王雪. 陕西省空气质量评价及影响因素研究[D]. 西安:西安理工大学, 2019.
    [12] 潘本锋, 宫正宇, 王帅, 等. 环境空气质量指数在应用中存在的问题及建议[J]. 中国环境监测, 2015, 31(1):64-67.

    PAN B F, GONG Z Y, WANG S, et al. Defects and revising suggestions of the application of ambient air quality index[J]. Environmental Monitoring in China, 2015, 31(1):64-67.
    [13] 郭绍征. 基于统计学习方法的空气质量评价与分类[D]. 太原:山西大学, 2019.
    [14] 杨晓华, 杨志峰, 郦建强, 等. 大气环境质量综合评价的物元分析法[J]. 环境工程, 2003, 21(5):69-70.

    YANG X H, YANG Z F, LI J Q, et al. A multiple objective decision making-ideal interval method for comprehensive assessment of atmospheric environmental quality[J]. Environmental Engineering, 2003, 21(5):69-70.
    [15] 高玉琴, 刘云苹, 叶柳, 等. 基于物元分析法的泵站管理现代化评价研究[J]. 水资源与水工程学报, 2019, 30(4):124-130.

    GAO Y Q, LIU Y P, YE L, et al. Evaluation of pumping station management modernization based on matter-element analysis method[J]. Journal of Water Resources and Water Engineering, 2019, 30(4):124-130.
    [16] 张嘉祯. 长三角城市群PM2.5、PM10时空特征分析及空气质量评价[D]. 上海:上海师范大学, 2018.
    [17] 周刚, 熊勇峰, 呼婷婷, 等. 地表水水质模型综合评价技术体系研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2020, 33(11):2561-2570.

    ZHOU G, XIONG Y F, HU T T, et al. Comprehensive evaluation technology system for surface water quality models[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2020, 33(11):2561-2570.
    [18] LEE J Y, JO W K, CHUN H H. Long-term trends in visibility and its relationship with mortality,air-quality index,and meteorological factors in selected areas of Korea[J]. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 2015, 15(2):673-681.
    doi: 10.4209/aaqr.2014.02.0036
    [19] ZHOU Z X, CHEN Y, SONG P F, et al. China’s urban air quality evaluation with streaming data:a DEA window analysis[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2020, 727:138213.
    doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138213
    [20] YU W Y, ZHANG S J, SHEN H T, et al. Air quality evaluation of Bo Hai Coastal Region based on entropy weight method[J]. Journal of Coastal Research, 2019, 94(Suppl 1):83.
    doi: 10.2112/SI94-015.1
    [21] DEEP A, PANDEY C P, NANDAN H, et al. Evaluation of ambient air quality in Dehradun City during 2011-2014[J]. Journal of Earth System Science, 2019, 128(4):1-14.
    doi: 10.1007/s12040-018-1037-x
    [22] PERLMUTT L D, CROMAR K R. Evaluation of the air quality index as a risk communication tool[J]. Journal of Environmental Health, 2019, 81(6):8-15.
    [23] 王帅, 潘本锋, 张建辉, 等. 环境空气质量综合指数计算方法比选研究[J]. 中国环境监测, 2014, 30(6):46-52.

    WANG S, PAN B F, ZHANG J H, et al. Comparison study on the calculation methods of ambient air quality comprehensive index[J]. Environmental Monitoring in China, 2014, 30(6):46-52.
    [24] 环境保护部. 环境空气质量指数(AQI)技术规定:HJ 633—2012[S]. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 2016.
    [25] 国家环境保护总局, 国家质量监督检验检疫总局. 地表水环境质量标准:GB 3838—2002[S]. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 2002.
    [26] 孟晓艳, 王帅, 王瑞斌, 等. 环境空气质量评价的思考及建议[J]. 环境科技, 2013, 26(2):63-66.

    MENG X Y, WANG S, WANG R B, et al. Considerations and suggestions on the ambient air quality evaluation[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2013, 26(2):63-66.
    [27] 刘杰, 杨鹏, 吕文生, 等. 基于北京市6类污染物的环境空气质量评价方法[J]. 安全与环境学报, 2015, 15(1):310-315.

    LIU J, YANG P, LÜ W S, et al. Environmental air quality evaluation method based on the six pollutants in the urban areas of Beijing[J]. Journal of Safety and Environment, 2015, 15(1):310-315.
    [28] 裘阅. 基于多种模型下的安徽省环境空气质量综合评价[D]. 合肥:合肥工业大学, 2018.
    [29] 郑利杰, 高红杰, 宋永会, 等. 我国典型城市地表水水质综合评价与分析[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2016, 6(3):252-258.

    ZHENG L J, GAO H J, SONG Y H, et al. Comprehensive evaluation and analysis of surface water quality for typical cities of China[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2016, 6(3):252-258.
    [30] 何晓丽, 吴艳宏, 周俊, 等. 贡嘎山地区地表水化学特征及水环境质量评价[J]. 环境科学, 2016, 37(10):3798-3805.

    HE X L, WU Y H, ZHOU J, et al. Hydro-chemical characteristics and quality assessment of surface water in Gongga Mountain Region[J]. Environmental Science, 2016, 37(10):3798-3805.
    [31] ABD I, HERV E. Coefficient of variation[J]. Encyclopedia of Research Design, 2010(1):169-171.
    [32] 张莹. 我国典型城市空气污染特征及其健康影响和预报研究[D]. 兰州:兰州大学, 2016.
    [33] 李贝贝, 黄玉虎, 毕晓辉, 等. 北京市土壤风蚀扬尘排放因子本地化[J]. 环境科学, 2020, 41(6):2609-2616.
    doi: 10.1021/es062681p

    LI B B, HUANG Y H, BI X H, et al. Localization of soil wind erosion dust emission factor in Beijing[J]. Environmental Science, 2020, 41(6):2609-2616. doi: 10.1021/es062681p
    [34] 崔耀平, 刘纪远, 秦耀辰, 等. 北京城市扩展对热岛效应的影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2015, 34(12):3485-3493.

    CUI Y P, LIU J Y, QIN Y C, et al. The impact of urban sprawl on heat island intensity in Beijing[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2015, 34(12):3485-3493.
    [35] 李正涛. 京津冀地区沙尘活动及其对城市大气环境的影响[D]. 石家庄:河北师范大学, 2013.
    [36] 郦嘉诚, 高庆先, 李亮, 等. 对首要污染物所揭示的京津冀环境空气质量状况的认识启迪与对策建议[J]. 环境科学研究, 2018, 31(10):1651-1661.

    LI J C, GAO Q X, LI L, et al. Enlightenment and suggestions on the air quality of Beijing,Tianjin and Hebei revealed by primary pollutants[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2018, 31(10):1651-1661.
    [37] 徐敬, 丁国安, 颜鹏, 等. 北京地区PM2.5的成分特征及来源分析[J]. 应用气象学报, 2007, 18(5):645-654.

    XU J, DING G A, YAN P, et al. Componential characteristics and sources identification of PM2.5 in Beijing [J]. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2007, 18(5):645-654.
    [38] EBENSTEIN A, FAN M Y, GREENSTONE M, et al. New evidence on the impact of sustained exposure to air pollution on life expectancy from China’s Huai River Policy[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017, 114(39):10384-10389.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  359
  • HTML全文浏览量:  118
  • PDF下载量:  45
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-11-03
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回