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挡风墙设计及其在呼伦贝尔沙地治理中的应用

田美荣 傅馨逸 杨伟超 冯朝阳 高吉喜

田美荣, 傅馨逸, 杨伟超, 冯朝阳, 高吉喜. 挡风墙设计及其在呼伦贝尔沙地治理中的应用[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(5): 970-975. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200287
引用本文: 田美荣, 傅馨逸, 杨伟超, 冯朝阳, 高吉喜. 挡风墙设计及其在呼伦贝尔沙地治理中的应用[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2021, 11(5): 970-975. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200287
Meirong TIAN, Xinyi FU, Weichao YANG, Chaoyang FENG, Jixi GAO. Design of wind-break walls and their application in Hulunbeier sandy land control[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(5): 970-975. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200287
Citation: Meirong TIAN, Xinyi FU, Weichao YANG, Chaoyang FENG, Jixi GAO. Design of wind-break walls and their application in Hulunbeier sandy land control[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2021, 11(5): 970-975. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200287

挡风墙设计及其在呼伦贝尔沙地治理中的应用

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200287
详细信息
    作者简介:

    田美荣(1981—),女,研究员,主要从事环境科学与资源利用研究, tianmeirong007@163.com

    通讯作者:

    高吉喜 E-mail: gaojx168@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X171.4

Design of wind-break walls and their application in Hulunbeier sandy land control

More Information
    Corresponding author: Jixi GAO E-mail: gaojx168@163.com
  • 摘要: 为探索呼伦湖流域沙化严重的斑块状区域生态修复的治理模式,研发设计条形孔2.0 m高度(Ⅰ)、条形孔1.5 m高度(Ⅱ)、条形孔1.0 m高度(Ⅲ)、方形孔1.0 m高度(Ⅳ)和圆形孔1.0 m高度(Ⅴ)5种类型的可移动挡风墙作为沙障,并对其防风效能进行对比研究,明确挡风墙背风侧不同距离、距地表不同高度的风速及表层土壤含水量特征,为大风频发地区的挡风墙设置提供参考依据。结果表明:5种挡风墙均可在有限距离内降低风速,且距地表0.5 m高度处的防风效能均优于1.0 m高度处;其中在挡风墙背风侧1 m、距地表0.5 m高度处,防风效能为挡风墙Ⅴ(87.30%)>Ⅰ(83.91%)>Ⅱ(83.29%)>Ⅳ(80.20%)>Ⅲ(74.66%),表层土壤保水能力为挡风墙Ⅴ>Ⅰ>Ⅱ>Ⅳ>Ⅲ,制作成本为挡风墙Ⅰ>Ⅱ>Ⅴ>Ⅳ>Ⅲ。较适宜呼伦湖流域环境的挡风墙结构参数:1.5 m高,条形孔;1.0 m高,圆形孔。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-12-03
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-20

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