留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

生态文明视角下洱海流域水环境管理思路与方案

项颂 孙丽慧 余小梅 庞燕

项颂,孙丽慧,余小梅,等.生态文明视角下洱海流域水环境管理思路与方案[J].环境工程技术学报,2022,12(3):644-650 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210077
引用本文: 项颂,孙丽慧,余小梅,等.生态文明视角下洱海流域水环境管理思路与方案[J].环境工程技术学报,2022,12(3):644-650 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210077
XIANG S,SUN L H,YU X M,et al.Ideas and schemes of water environment management in Erhai Lake Basin from the perspective of ecological civilization[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2022,12(3):644-650 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210077
Citation: XIANG S,SUN L H,YU X M,et al.Ideas and schemes of water environment management in Erhai Lake Basin from the perspective of ecological civilization[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2022,12(3):644-650 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210077

生态文明视角下洱海流域水环境管理思路与方案

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210077
基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与污染治理科技重大专项(2017ZX07301-006-06)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    项颂(1988—),女,工程师,硕士,主要从事流域水环境保护管理相关研究,1140659723@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    庞燕(1970—),女,研究员,主要从事湖泊水污染控制与生态修复研究,190068749@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: X524

Ideas and schemes of water environment management in Erhai Lake Basin from the perspective of ecological civilization

  • 摘要:

    流域综合管理是维护流域生态系统健康和实现流域可持续发展的重要保障,现代流域管理应以习近平生态文明思想为指引。阐释了生态文明视角下的流域综合管理内涵,即流域综合管理应从整个流域全局出发,统筹保护与发展,采取行政、法律、经济、科技、宣传教育等综合手段,统筹协调社会、经济、环境和生产、生活、生态用水等各方面的关系,促进流域经济社会和生态环境全面协调可持续发展;对洱海流域水环境管理现状进行了分析,生态文明视角下洱海流域水环境管理应统筹山水林田湖草各生态要素,协调上下游、水陆域及相关部门和行业间的关系,通过健全机制体制、严格执法监管、提升监测能力、加强科技支撑、夯实监管基础,全面提升流域综合管理水平,以推进流域水生态文明的实践。

     

  • 图  1  生态文明视角下的流域水环境管理内涵

    Figure  1.  Connotation of watershed water environment management from the perspective of ecological civilization

    图  2  洱海流域概况

    Figure  2.  Regional overview of Erhai Lake Basin

    图  3  生态文明视角下洱海流域水环境管理思路

    Figure  3.  Idea of water environment management in Erhai Lake Basin from the perspective of ecological civilization

  • [1] 张占斌, 王茹.习近平生态文明思想的发展历程、内涵特点和价值意蕴[J]. 环境保护,2019,47(17):14-22.

    ZHANG Z B, WANG R. The development process, connotation characteristics and value implication of Xi Jinping's Ideology of Ecological Civilization[J]. Environmental Protection,2019,47(17):14-22.
    [2] 陈阳, 王西平, 甄娜, 等.基于生态系统服务理论内涵的山水林田湖草生态保护修复实践: 以河南省南太行地区试点工程为例[J]. 环境工程技术学报,2021,11(4):701-710. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200190

    CHEN Y, WANG X P, ZHEN N. et al. Practice of ecological protection and restoration of mountain-river-forest-farmland-lake-grassland based on connotation of ecosystem service theory: taking the pilot project of South-Taihang Area in Henan Province as an example[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2021,11(4):701-710. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20200190
    [3] 王如松.生态文明建设的控制论机理、认识误区与融贯路径[J]. 中国科学院院刊,2013,28(2):173-181. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3045.2013.02.007

    WANG R S. Eco-cybernetics and road map of integration towards ecological civilization with a discussion on misunderstandings[J]. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences,2013,28(2):173-181. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3045.2013.02.007
    [4] 王春益.以习近平生态文明思想为指导 推进黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展[J]. 中国生态文明,2020(1):74-77.
    [5] 郑晓, 黄涛珍, 冯云飞.基于生态文明的流域治理机制研究[J]. 河海大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2014,16(4):37-40.

    ZHENG X, HUANG T Z, FENG Y F. Research into mechanism of watershed governance based on ecological civilization[J]. Journal of Hohai University (Philosophy and Social Sciences),2014,16(4):37-40.
    [6] 郑晓, 郑垂勇, 冯云飞.基于生态文明的流域治理模式与路径研究[J]. 南京社会科学,2014(4):75-79. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-8263.2014.04.011

    ZHENG X, ZHENG C Y, FENG Y F. Governance models and paths of watershed based on ecological civilization[J]. Nanjing Journal of Social Sciences,2014(4):75-79. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-8263.2014.04.011
    [7] 赵卫, 王敏.流域生态系统治理机遇、挑战及建议[J]. 环境保护,2019,47(21):21-24.

    ZHAO W, WANG M. Opportunities, challenges and countermeasures of ecological system management in watershed[J]. Environmental Protection,2019,47(21):21-24.
    [8] 王秉杰.流域管理的形成、特征及发展趋势[J]. 环境科学研究,2013,26(4):452-456.

    WANG B J. Research on formations, characteristics and development trend of watershed management[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences,2013,26(4):452-456.
    [9] 王秉杰.现代流域管理体系研究[J]. 环境科学研究,2013,26(4):457-464.

    WANG B J. Research on modern watershed management system[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences,2013,26(4):457-464.
    [10] 羊向东, 董旭辉, 陈旭, 等.长江经济带湖泊环境演变与保护、治理建议[J]. 中国科学院院刊,2020,35(8):977-987.

    YANG X D, DONG X H, CHEN X, et al. Past environmental changes and management suggestions for lakes in the Yangtze River Economic Belt[J]. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences,2020,35(8):977-987.
    [11] 陈小华, 钱晓雍, 李小平, 等.洱海富营养化时间演变特征(1988—2013年)及社会经济驱动分析[J]. 湖泊科学,2018,30(1):70-78. doi: 10.18307/2018.0107

    CHEN X H, QIAN X Y, LI X P, et al. Long-term trend of eutrophication state of Lake Erhai in 1988-2013 and analyses of its socio-economic drivers[J]. Journal of Lake Sciences,2018,30(1):70-78. doi: 10.18307/2018.0107
    [12] 王教元, 陈光杰, 黄林培, 等.洱海蓝藻爆发的时空特征及影响因子[J]. 生态学报,2017,37(14):4831-4842.

    WANG J Y, CHEN G J, HUANG L P, et al. Spatio-temporal patterns and drivers of cyanobacteria blooms in Erhai Lake, Southwest China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2017,37(14):4831-4842.
    [13] 章光新, 陈月庆, 吴燕锋.基于生态水文调控的流域综合管理研究综述[J]. 地理科学,2019,39(7):1191-1198.

    ZHANG G X, CHEN Y Q, WU Y F. Commentary on eco-hydrological regulation for integrated river basin management[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica,2019,39(7):1191-1198.
    [14] 牛玉国, 岳彩俊.黄河流域生态文明建设实践[J]. 中国水利,2020(17):22-24. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1123.2020.17.018

    NIU Y G, YUE C J. Practices of ecological civilization construction in the Yellow River Basin[J]. China Water Resources,2020(17):22-24. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1123.2020.17.018
    [15] 贺缠生, L.Allan JAMES. 流域科学: 连接水文学与流域可持续管理的枢纽[J]. 中国科学:地球科学,2021,51(5):666-679. doi: 10.1360/N072020-0248

    HE C S, JAMES L A. Watershed science: linking hydrological science with sustainable management of river basins[J]. Scientia Sinica (Terrae),2021,51(5):666-679. doi: 10.1360/N072020-0248
    [16] 李文芳, 王静, 彭海源.汉江流域水生态文明建设对策探讨[J]. 中国水利,2017(6):9-11. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1123.2017.06.004

    LI W F, WANG J, PENG H Y. Taking ecological-friendly approach for restoration of Hanjiang River Basin[J]. China Water Resources,2017(6):9-11. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1123.2017.06.004
    [17] 王圣瑞, 李贵宝.国外湖泊水环境保护和治理对我国的启示[J]. 环境保护,2017,45(10):64-68.

    WANG S R, LI G B. The inspiration of international lake environment protection and governance experience to China[J]. Environmental Protection,2017,45(10):64-68.
    [18] 项颂, 吴越, 吕兴菊, 等.洱海流域农业面源污染空间分布特征及分类控制策略[J]. 环境科学研究,2020,33(11):2474-2483.

    XIANG S, WU Y, LÜ X J, et al. Characteristics and spatial distribution of agricultural non-point source pollution in Erhai Lake basin and its classified control strategy[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences,2020,33(11):2474-2483.
    [19] 储昭升, 高思佳, 庞燕, 等.洱海流域山水林田湖草各要素特征、存在问题及生态保护修复措施[J]. 环境工程技术学报,2019,9(5):507-514. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.07.291

    CHU Z S, GAO S J, PANG Y, et al. Characteristics, problems and ecological protection and restoration measures of mountain-river-forest-farmland-lake-grassland elements in Lake Erhai Basin[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2019,9(5):507-514. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.07.291
    [20] 赵艳芳, 项颂, 庞燕.生态文明背景下洱海流域水环境管理政策评估[J]. 环境工程技术学报,2019,9(6):707-713. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.07.150

    ZHAO Y F, XIANG S, PANG Y. Assessment of water environmental management policy in Lake Erhai Basin under the background of ecological civilization[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2019,9(6):707-713. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.07.150
    [21] 曾贤刚, 魏国强.生态环境监管制度的问题与对策研究[J]. 环境保护,2015,43(11):39-41.

    ZENG X G, WEI G Q. Problems and countermeasures of ecological environment supervision system[J]. Environmental Protection,2015,43(11):39-41.
    [22] 陈健鹏.从政府监管视角看生态环境治理体系和治理能力现代化[J]. 环境与可持续发展,2020,45(2):17-21.

    CHEN J P. On the modernization of ecology and environment governance system and its capacity from the perspective of government regulation[J]. Environment and Sustainable Development,2020,45(2):17-21.
    [23] 师耀龙, 陈传忠, 魏俊山, 等.加强生态环境监测机构监督管理的思考与分析[J]. 环境保护,2018,46(23):56-60.

    SHI Y L, CHEN C Z, WEI J S, et al. The current situation and problem analysis of environmental monitoring organizations' supervision and administration[J]. Environmental Protection,2018,46(23):56-60. ⊕
  • 加载中
图(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  57
  • HTML全文浏览量:  49
  • PDF下载量:  14
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-19
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-05
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-07

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回