留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于输出系数法及土地利用方式识别的营养盐空间负荷解析

付正辉 张扬 姜霞 王书航 赵丽

付正辉,张扬,姜霞,等.基于输出系数法及土地利用方式识别的营养盐空间负荷解析:以十堰市为例[J].环境工程技术学报,2022,12(3):660-665 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210178
引用本文: 付正辉,张扬,姜霞,等.基于输出系数法及土地利用方式识别的营养盐空间负荷解析:以十堰市为例[J].环境工程技术学报,2022,12(3):660-665 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210178
FU Z H,ZHANG Y,JIANG X,et al.Spatial nutrient load analysis based on output coefficient method and land use pattern identification: a case study of Shiyan City[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2022,12(3):660-665 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210178
Citation: FU Z H,ZHANG Y,JIANG X,et al.Spatial nutrient load analysis based on output coefficient method and land use pattern identification: a case study of Shiyan City[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2022,12(3):660-665 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210178

基于输出系数法及土地利用方式识别的营养盐空间负荷解析—以十堰市为例

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210178
基金项目: 中央级科研院所基本科研业务专项(2020YSKY-014)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    付正辉(1988—),男,助理研究员,博士,主要从事环境规划与管理研究,fzh@pku.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    王书航(1985—),男,高级工程师,主要从事流域水污染治理与水环境管理研究,shuhang125126@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X52

Spatial nutrient load analysis based on output coefficient method and land use pattern identification: a case study of Shiyan City

  • 摘要:

    在过去的几十年里,我国氮肥和磷肥的施用量增长显著。然而,过量的营养物质也导致内陆和沿海水域水体富营养化问题。氮、磷营养盐的控制通常被认为是减少湖泊富营养化和蓝藻水华的重要组成部分。目前,准确识别营养物质的来源和定量分析过量营养物质浓度在空间上的表现仍需要特别关注。根据十堰市污染物统计及生态环境部门相关监测数据,通过输出系数法及土地利用方式识别,分析了氮、磷营养盐来源及其空间负荷分布。结果表明:十堰市总氮、总磷均主要来源于面源,占比分别为81.84%和80.08%,点源占比较小。其中总氮污染负荷主要来源于农田径流污染源,占45.72%,其次是干湿沉降污染源,占11.43%;总磷污染负荷也主要来源于农田径流污染源,占30.51%,其次是水土流失污染源,占22.28%。总氮入河负荷强度最高为22.71 t/km2,总磷入河负荷强度最高为5.22 t/km2

     

  • 图  1  十堰市区位

    Figure  1.  Location of Shiyan City

    图  2  十堰市面源污染物入河系数空间分布

    Figure  2.  Spatial distribution of river inflow coefficient from non-point sources in Shiyan City

    图  3  十堰市入河污染物来源组成

    Figure  3.  Source compositions of total nitrogen and total phosphorus into the river pollutants in Shiyan City

    图  4  十堰市总氮、总磷入河负荷强度空间分布

    Figure  4.  Spatial distribution of total nitrogen and total phosphorus load into the river in Shiyan City

    表  1  2018年十堰市污染物入河系数及入河量

    Table  1.   River inflow coefficient and total amount of nutrient pollution in Shiyan City in 2018

    行政区入河系数总氮入河量/t总磷入河量/t
    茅箭区0.211 9636.1531.02
    张湾区0.200 7673.9256.43
    郧阳区0.185 42 783.48440.26
    郧西县0.187 72 001.84299.72
    竹山县0.198 92 218.89343.32
    竹溪县0.188 21 888.36288.43
    房县0.182 31 514.04227.75
    丹江口市0.189 72 269.69318.40
    合计0.189 013 986.372 005.33
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] BOUWMAN A F, BEUSEN A H W, BILLEN G. Human alteration of the global nitrogen and phosphorus soil balances for the period 1970-2050[J]. Global Biogeochemical Cycles,2009,23(4):4-20.
    [2] FAOSTAT R. FAOSTAT database[DB/OL]. [2021-04-11]. http://faostat.fao.org/.
    [3] JU X T, XING G X, CHEN X P, et al. Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systems[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,2009,106(9):3041-3046. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0813417106
    [4] 党二莎, 龙超, 张楠.大鹏湾近岸海域水质状况与富营养化水平[J]. 环境工程技术学报,2020,10(4):623-630. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190044

    DANG E S, LONG C, ZHANG N. Study on water quality and eutrophication level in the coastal area of Dapeng Bay[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2020,10(4):623-630. doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20190044
    [5] 夏瑞, 张远, 王璐, 等.汉江下游河流型水华暴发的多影响要素特征识别[J]. 环境科学研究,2020,33(4):911-920.

    XIA R, ZHANG Y, WANG L, et al. Characteristics identification of multiple influencing factors on Hanjiang River algal bloom[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences,2020,33(4):911-920.
    [6] 孔欣, 张树林, 戴伟, 等.氮、磷营养盐对铜绿微囊藻生长的影响[J]. 水产科技情报,2020,47(5):296-300.

    KONG X, ZHANG S L, DAI W, et al. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients on the growth of Microcystis aeruginisa[J]. Fisheries Science & Technology Information,2020,47(5):296-300.
    [7] 杨璐, 李佳蹊, 钱瑭毅, 等.太子河着生藻类群落与氮、磷营养盐的定量关系研究[J]. 生态毒理学报,2019,14(6):104-117.

    YANG L, LI J X, QIAN T Y, et al. Quantitative analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients for periphyton population in Taizi River[J]. Asian Journal of Ecotoxicology,2019,14(6):104-117.
    [8] 曹金玲, 许其功, 席北斗, 等.我国湖泊富营养化相关指标的空间分布特征[J]. 环境工程技术学报,2012,2(4):284-289. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2012.04.044

    CAO J L, XU Q G, XI B D, et al. Spatial distribution characteristics of lake eutrophication-related parameters in China[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2012,2(4):284-289. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2012.04.044
    [9] WANG H J, WANG H Z. Mitigation of lake eutrophication: loosen nitrogen control and focus on phosphorus abatement[J]. Progress in Natural Science,2009,19(10):1445-1451. doi: 10.1016/j.pnsc.2009.03.009
    [10] HUA L L, LI W C, ZHAI L M, et al. An innovative approach to identifying agricultural pollution sources and loads by using nutrient export coefficients in watershed modeling[J]. Journal of Hydrology,2019,571:322-331. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.01.043
    [11] 项颂, 吴越, 吕兴菊, 等.洱海流域农业面源污染空间分布特征及分类控制策略[J]. 环境科学研究,2020,33(11):2474-2483.

    XIANG S, WU Y, LÜ X J, et al. Characteristics and spatial distribution of agricultural non-point source pollution in Erhai Lake Basin and its classified control strategy[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences,2020,33(11):2474-2483.
    [12] CHEN Y. Assessing the effects of land use changes on non-point source pollution reduction for the Three Gorges Watershed using the SWAT model[J]. Journal of Environmental Informatics,2013,22(1):13-26. doi: 10.3808/jei.201300242
    [13] GENG R Z, YIN P H, SHARPLEY A N. A coupled model system to optimize the best management practices for nonpoint source pollution control[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production,2019,220:581-592. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.02.127
    [14] DING Y, DONG F, ZHAO J Y, et al. Non-point source pollution simulation and best management practices analysis based on control units in Northern China[J]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,2020,17(3):868. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17030868
    [15] LEE G, JUN K S, KANG M J. Framework to prioritize watersheds for diffuse pollution management in the Republic of Korea: application of multi-criteria analysis using the Delphi method[J]. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences,2019,19(12):2767-2779. doi: 10.5194/nhess-19-2767-2019
    [16] LIANG K, JIANG Y F, QI J Y, et al. Characterizing the impacts of land use on nitrate load and water yield in an agricultural watershed in Atlantic Canada[J]. Science of the Total Environment,2020,729:138793. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138793
    [17] ZHANG X, ZHOU L, LIU Y Q. Modeling land use changes and their impacts on non-point source pollution in a Southeast China coastal watershed[J]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,2018,15(8):1593. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15081593
    [18] CHEN X, ZHOU W Q, PICKETT S T A, et al. Spatial-temporal variations of water quality and its relationship to land use and land cover in Beijing, China[J]. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,2016,13(5):449. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13050449
    [19] LOCKE M A, Jr LIZOTTE R E, YASARER L M W, et al. Surface runoff in Beasley Lake watershed: effect of land management practices in a Lower Mississippi River Basin watershed[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,2020,75(3):278-290. doi: 10.2489/jswc.75.3.278
    [20] TANG L H, YANG D W, HU H P, et al. Detecting the effect of land-use change on streamflow, sediment and nutrient losses by distributed hydrological simulation[J]. Journal of Hydrology,2011,409(1/2):172-182.
    [21] SUN B, ZHANG L X, YANG L Z, et al. Agricultural non-point source pollution in China: causes and mitigation measures[J]. Ambio,2012,41(4):370-379. doi: 10.1007/s13280-012-0249-6
    [22] FAN L C, YUAN Y M, YING Z C, et al. Decreasing farm number benefits the mitigation of agricultural non-point source pollution in China[J]. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International,2019,26(1):464-472. doi: 10.1007/s11356-018-3622-6
    [23] 徐文佳, 李天宏, 贾振邦, 等.十堰市非点源污染状况及其区域分布特征[J]. 北京大学学报(自然科学版),2010,46(4):667-673.

    XU W J, LI T H, JIA Z B, et al. Regional features of non-point source pollution in Shiyan City[J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis,2010,46(4):667-673.
    [24] 唐肖阳, 唐德善, 鲁佳慧, 等.汉江流域农业面源污染的源解析[J]. 农业环境科学学报,2018,37(10):2242-2251. doi: 10.11654/jaes.2017-1751

    TANG X Y, TANG D S, LU J H, et al. Source apportionment of agricultural nonpoint source pollution in the Hanjiang River Basin[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science,2018,37(10):2242-2251. doi: 10.11654/jaes.2017-1751
    [25] 王彦东. 南水北调中线水源地农业面源污染特征及农户环境行为研究[D]. 杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2019.
  • 加载中
图(4) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  54
  • HTML全文浏览量:  35
  • PDF下载量:  5
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-07

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回