留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

厌氧氨氧化在城市污水脱氮处理中的研究与应用进展

刘华光 董文艺 王宏杰 戴仲怡 王雪 陈颖童 侯子泷 谢晋 曾志伟

刘华光,董文艺,王宏杰,等.厌氧氨氧化在城市污水脱氮处理中的研究与应用进展[J].环境工程技术学报,xxxx,x(x): x-xx doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210293
引用本文: 刘华光,董文艺,王宏杰,等.厌氧氨氧化在城市污水脱氮处理中的研究与应用进展[J].环境工程技术学报,xxxx,x(x): x-xx doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210293
LIU H G,DONG W Y,WANG H J,et al.Research and application advances of Anammox in nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,xxxx,x(x): x-xx doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210293
Citation: LIU H G,DONG W Y,WANG H J,et al.Research and application advances of Anammox in nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,xxxx,x(x): x-xx doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210293

厌氧氨氧化在城市污水脱氮处理中的研究与应用进展

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210293
基金项目: 深圳市科技计划-可持续发展专项(KCXFZ202002011006362);深圳市科技计划-基础研究重点项目(JCYJ20200109113006046)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘华光(1993—),男,博士研究生,主要从事城市污水脱氮技术研究,1017012145@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王宏杰(1983—),男,研究员,主要从事污水处理与资源化利用研究,whj1533qihan@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X172

Research and application advances of Anammox in nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater

  • 摘要:

    厌氧氨氧化(anaerobic ammonium oxidation,Anammox)是城市污水处理工艺未来最具发展潜力的新型脱氮技术之一。基于Anammox反应机理,归纳了在城市污水条件下实现短程硝化耦合Anammox (partial-nitritation coupled Anammox,PN/A)和短程反硝化耦合Anammox (partial-denitrification coupled Anammox,PD/A) 的运行调控措施,阐述了Anammox强化城市污水脱氮的工艺模式,并从工程化应用角度总结了阻碍城市污水实现Anammox处理的瓶颈问题,同时对PN/A与PD/A的脱氮性能、降耗减排效果、工艺特征及应用场景进行了对比分析,最后总结并展望了Anammox在城市污水处理中的研究方向,以期为城市污水工艺朝Anammox转变提供借鉴和参考。

     

  • 图  1  Anammox反应机理模型

    注:bc1为细胞色素复合物;Q为辅酶Q;ATPase为ATP合成酶。

    Figure  1.  Model diagram of Anammox metabolism

    图  2  基于PN/A技术的氮去除路径

    注:黑色实线为短程硝化(PN),紫色实线为Anammox;DBa为A类反硝化菌(以NO2-为终产物),DBb为类反硝化菌(无NO2-积累),DBc为C类反硝化菌(NO2-短暂积累)。

    Figure  2.  Nitrogen removal path based on PN/A technology

    图  3  基于PN路线的亚硝酸盐积累策略

    Figure  3.  Nitrite accumulation strategy based on PN/A route

    图  4  基于PN路线的城市污水侧流Anammox工艺模式

    Figure  4.  Sidestream Anammox process model of urban sewage based on PN route

    图  5  基于PD/A技术的氮去除路径

    注:黑色实线为硝化过程,蓝色实线为PD,紫实线为Anammox。

    Figure  5.  Nitrogen removal path based on PD/A

    图  6  基于PD路线的主流Anammox亚硝酸盐积累策略

    Figure  6.  Nitrite accumulation strategy based on PD route in mainstream Anammox

    图  7  基于PD路线的主流Anammox工艺模式

    Figure  7.  Mainstream Anammox process model based on PD route

    表  1  PN/A与PD/A的脱氮性能及降耗减排情况

    Table  1.   Performance of nitrogen removal, consumption and discharge reduction of PN/A and PD/A

    指标含义PN/APD/A数据来源
    NO2 积累率/%>90>90文献[51-52]
    理论氮去除率/%对无机氮的去除率89100文献[53]
    碳源消耗量/(g/g)每g NH4 +-N消耗的碳源(以COD计)0.311.31文献[12]
    有机物回收量/kg理论上从1.0×105 m3城市污水(NH4 +-N=40 mg/L,COD=400 mg/L)中回收的COD量22 96422 517文献[53]
    耗氧量/(g/g)每g NH4 +-N的耗氧量1.952.39文献[12]
    污泥产量/(g/g)每g NH4 +-N的可挥发性固体(VSS)产生量0.140.29文献[12]
    CO2排放量/(g/g)每g NH4 +-N的CO2排放量较少0.79文献[7,54]
    N2O排放量/%N2O排放量占去除氮负荷的比例1.35±0.720.074~0.66文献[55-56]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  Anammox应用在城市污水厂的代表性工程案例

    Table  2.   Representative engineering cases of Anammox application in municipal wastewater treatment plants

    污水处理厂名称处理规模
    /(m3/d)
    脱氮路线核心工艺Anammox
    处理模式
    运行温度/℃
    国外奥地利Strass污水处理厂[57]2.6×104PN/ADEMON®侧流中温
    荷兰Dokhaven污水处理厂[24]3.4×105PN/ASHARON-
    Anammox
    侧流中温
    美国Blue Plains污水处理厂[58]1.4×106PN/ADEMON®侧流中温
    瑞士Zürich污水处理厂[59]--PN/ACANON侧流中温
    新加坡Changi再生污水处理厂[60]2.0×105PN/A多级A/O-
    分段进水
    主流28~32
    国内北京高碑店污水处理厂[4]1.0×106PN/AIFAS侧流中温
    西安第四污水处理厂[61]2.5×105PD/AA/A/O-
    MBBR
    主流11~25
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] WANG Z B, LIU X L, BU C N, et al. Microbial diversity reveals the partial denitrification-anammox process serves as a new pathway in the first mainstream anammox plant[J]. Science of the Total Environment,2021,764:142917. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142917
    [2] 万莉, 邹义龙, 弓晓峰, 等.电增强零价铁强化厌氧氨氧化处理高氮养猪废水[J]. 环境科学研究,2015,28(8):1302-1310. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2015.08.18

    WAN L, ZOU Y L, GONG X F, et al. Electrical field and zero-valent iron-enhanced anaerobic ammonium oxidation for the treatment of high-nitrogen swine wastewater[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences,2015,28(8):1302-1310. doi: 10.13198/j.issn.1001-6929.2015.08.18
    [3] DAVEREY A, SU S H, HUANG Y T, et al. Partial nitrification and anammox process: a method for high strength optoelectronic industrial wastewater treatment[J]. Water Research,2013,47(9):2929-2937. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.01.028
    [4] HAN X Y, ZHANG S J, YANG S H, et al. Full-scale partial nitritation/anammox (PN/A) process for treating sludge dewatering liquor from anaerobic digestion after thermal hydrolysis[J]. Bioresource Technology,2020,297:122380. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.122380
    [5] 王茜, 陈琴, 曾涛涛, 等.基于短程硝化工艺的垃圾渗滤液脱氮处理研究进展[J]. 环境工程技术学报,2016,6(2):127-132. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2016.02.019

    WANG X, CHEN Q, ZENG T T, et al. Review of nitrogen removal for landfill leachate based on partial nitrification technology[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2016,6(2):127-132. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2016.02.019
    [6] JI J T, PENG Y Z, LI X Y, et al. A novel partial nitrification-synchronous anammox and endogenous partial denitrification (PN-SAEPD) process for advanced nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater at ambient temperatures[J]. Water Research,2020,175:115690. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2020.115690
    [7] DU R, CAO S B, ZHANG H Y, et al. Flexible nitrite supply alternative for mainstream anammox: advances in enhancing process stability[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2020,54(10):6353-6364.
    [8] KARTAL B, de ALMEIDA N M, MAALCKE W J, et al. How to make a living from anaerobic ammonium oxidation[J]. FEMS Microbiology Reviews,2013,37(3):428-461. doi: 10.1111/1574-6976.12014
    [9] STROUS M, HEIJNEN J J, KUENEN J G, et al. The sequencing batch reactor as a powerful tool for the study of slowly growing anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing microorganisms[J]. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology,1998,50(5):589-596. doi: 10.1007/s002530051340
    [10] JETTEN M S M, STROUS M, van de PAS-SCHOONEN K T, et al. The anaerobic oxidation of ammonium[J]. FEMS Microbiology Reviews,1998,22(5):421-437. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.1998.tb00379.x
    [11] KUENEN J G. Anammox bacteria: from discovery to application[J]. Nature Reviews Microbiology,2008,6(4):320-326. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro1857
    [12] ZHANG M, WANG S Y, JI B, et al. Towards mainstream deammonification of municipal wastewater: Partial nitrification-anammox versus partial denitrification-anammox[J]. Science of the Total Environment,2019,692:393-401. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.293
    [13] MIAO Y Y, ZHANG J H, PENG Y Z, et al. An improved start-up strategy for mainstream anammox process through inoculating ordinary nitrification sludge and a small amount of anammox sludge[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials,2020,384:121325. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121325
    [14] LI X J, SUN S, YUAN H Y, et al. Mainstream upflow nitritation-anammox system with hybrid anaerobic pretreatment: Long-term performance and microbial community dynamics[J]. Water Research,2017,125:298-308. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2017.08.048
    [15] RAHMAN A, MEERBURG F A, RAVADAGUNDHI S, et al. Bioflocculation management through high-rate contact-stabilization: a promising technology to recover organic carbon from low-strength wastewater[J]. Water Research,2016,104:485-496. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.08.047
    [16] CAGNETTA C, SAERENS B, MEERBURG F A, et al. High-rate activated sludge systems combined with dissolved air flotation enable effective organics removal and recovery[J]. Bioresource Technology,2019,291:121833. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.121833
    [17] BUDYCH-GORZNA M, SZATKOWSKA B, JAROSZYNSKI L, et al. Towards an energy self-sufficient resource recovery facility by improving energy and economic balance of a municipal WWTP with chemically enhanced primary treatment[J]. Energies,2021,14(5):1445. doi: 10.3390/en14051445
    [18] 马斌. 城市污水连续流短程硝化厌氧氨氧化脱氮工艺与技术[D]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学, 2012.
    [19] LIU G Q, WANG J M. Long-term low DO enriches and shifts nitrifier community in activated sludge[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2013,47(10):5109-5117.
    [20] GILBERT E M, AGRAWAL S, BRUNNER F, et al. Response of different Nitrospira species to anoxic periods depends on operational DO[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2014,48(5):2934-2941.
    [21] REGMI P, MILLER M W, HOLGATE B, et al. Control of aeration, aerobic SRT and COD input for mainstream nitritation/denitritation[J]. Water Research,2014,57:162-171. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2014.03.035
    [22] YANG Q, PENG Y Z, LIU X H, et al. Nitrogen removal via nitrite from municipal wastewater at low temperatures using real-time control to optimize nitrifying communities[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2007,41(23):8159-8164.
    [23] CAO Y S, KWOK B H, YAN Z, 等.新加坡最大回用水处理厂污水短程硝化厌氧氨氧化脱氮工艺[J]. 北京工业大学学报,2015,41(10):1441-1454.

    CAO Y S, HONG K B, YAN Z, et al. Mainstream partial nitritation/anammox nitrogen removal process in the largest water reclamation plant in Singapore[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Technology,2015,41(10):1441-1454.
    [24] HELLINGA C, SCHELLEN A A J C, MULDER J W, et al. The Sharon process: an innovative method for nitrogen removal from ammonium-rich waste water[J]. Water Science and Technology,1998,37(9):135-142. doi: 10.2166/wst.1998.0350
    [25] SOLER-JOFRA A, WANG R, KLEEREBEZEM R, et al. Stratification of nitrifier guilds in granular sludge in relation to nitritation[J]. Water Research,2019,148:479-491. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2018.10.064
    [26] BARTROLÍ A, PÉREZ J, CARRERA J. Applying ratio control in a continuous granular reactor to achieve full nitritation under stable operating conditions[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2010,44(23):8930-8935.
    [27] BIAN W, ZHANG S Y, ZHANG Y Z, et al. Achieving nitritation in a continuous moving bed biofilm reactor at different temperatures through ratio control[J]. Bioresource Technology,2017,226:73-79. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2016.12.014
    [28] POOT V, HOEKSTRA M, GELEIJNSE M A A, et al. Effects of the residual ammonium concentration on NOB repression during partial nitritation with granular sludge[J]. Water Research,2016,106:518-530. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.10.028
    [29] CORBALÁ-ROBLES L, PICIOREANU C, van LOOSDRECHT M C M, et al. Analysing the effects of the aeration pattern and residual ammonium concentration in a partial nitritation-Anammox process[J]. Environmental Technology,2016,37(6):694-702. doi: 10.1080/09593330.2015.1077895
    [30] YAO Z B, CAI Q, ZHANG D J, et al. The enhancement of completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON) by N2H4 addition[J]. Bioresource Technology,2013,146:591-596. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.07.121
    [31] XU G J, XU X C, YANG F L, et al. Partial nitrification adjusted by hydroxylamine in aerobic granules under high DO and ambient temperature and subsequent Anammox for low C/N wastewater treatment[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal,2012,213:338-345. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2012.10.014
    [32] WANG Y Y, WANG Y W, WEI Y S, et al. In-situ restoring nitrogen removal for the combined partial nitritation-anammox process deteriorated by nitrate build-up[J]. Biochemical Engineering Journal,2015,98:127-136. doi: 10.1016/j.bej.2015.02.028
    [33] DU R, CAO S B, LI B K, et al. Step-feeding organic carbon enhances high-strength nitrate and ammonia removal via DEAMOX process[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal,2019,360:501-510. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2018.12.011
    [34] MA B, QIAN W T, YUAN C S, et al. Achieving mainstream nitrogen removal through coupling anammox with denitratation[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2017,51(15):8405-8413.
    [35] 马斌, 许鑫鑫, 高茂鸿, 等.基于短程反硝化厌氧氨氧化的低碳源城市污水深度脱氮特性[J]. 环境科学,2020,41(3):1377-1383.
    [36] 殷同昕, 操家顺, 张腾, 等.不同碳源下反硝化亚硝酸盐积累情况研究进展[J]. 应用化工,2020,49(11):2919-2925. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-3206.2020.11.053

    YIN T X, CAO J S, ZHANG T, et al. Research progress on nitrite accumulation during denitrification with different carbon sources[J]. Applied Chemical Industry,2020,49(11):2919-2925. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-3206.2020.11.053
    [37] GONG L X, HUO M X, YANG Q, et al. Performance of heterotrophic partial denitrification under feast-famine condition of electron donor: a case study using acetate as external carbon source[J]. Bioresource Technology,2013,133:263-269. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.12.108
    [38] LE T, PENG B, SU C Y, et al. Impact of carbon source and COD/N on the concurrent operation of partial denitrification and anammox[J]. Water Environment Research,2019,91(3):185-197. doi: 10.1002/wer.1016
    [39] 袁怡, 黄勇, 邓慧萍, 等.C/N比对反硝化过程中亚硝酸盐积累的影响分析[J]. 环境科学,2013,34(4):1416-1420.

    YUAN Y, HUANG Y, DENG H P, et al. Effect of C/N ratio on nitrite accumulation during denitrification process[J]. Environmental Science,2013,34(4):1416-1420.
    [40] CAO S B, DU R, LI B K, et al. Nitrite production from partial-denitrification process fed with low carbon/nitrogen (C/N) domestic wastewater: performance, kinetics and microbial community[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal,2017,326:1186-1196. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2017.06.066
    [41] DU R, PENG Y Z, JI J T, et al. Partial denitrification providing nitrite: opportunities of extending application for Anammox[J]. Environment International,2019,131:105001. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.105001
    [42] 李思倩, 路立, 王芬, 等.低温反硝化过程中pH对亚硝酸盐积累的影响[J]. 环境化学,2016,35(8):1657-1662. doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2016.08.2016011105

    LI S Q, LU L, WANG F, et al. Effect of pH on nitrite accumulation during denitrification at low temperature[J]. Environmental Chemistry,2016,35(8):1657-1662. doi: 10.7524/j.issn.0254-6108.2016.08.2016011105
    [43] 操沈彬. 基于短程反硝化的厌氧氨氧化脱氮工艺与菌群特性[D]. 哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学, 2018.
    [44] GLASS C, SILVERSTEIN J. Denitrification kinetics of high nitrate concentration water: pH effect on inhibition and nitrite accumulation[J]. Water Research,1998,32(3):831-839. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(97)00260-1
    [45] QIAN W T, MA B, LI X Y, et al. Long-term effect of pH on denitrification: high pH benefits achieving partial-denitrification[J]. Bioresource Technology,2019,278:444-449. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.01.105
    [46] LIU B B, MAO Y J, BERGAUST L, et al. Strains in the genus Thauera exhibit remarkably different denitrification regulatory phenotypes[J]. Environmental Microbiology,2013,15(10):2816-2828.
    [47] 厉巍. 高效短程反硝化耦合厌氧氨氧化工艺研究[D]. 杭州: 浙江大学, 2017.
    [48] 张星星, 王超超, 王垚, 等.基于不同废污泥源的短程反硝化快速启动及稳定性[J]. 环境科学,2020,41(8):3715-3724.

    ZHANG X X, WANG C C, WANG Y, et al. Rapid start-up and stability of partial denitrification based on different waste sludge sources[J]. Environmental Science,2020,41(8):3715-3724.
    [49] LI J W, PENG Y Z, ZHANG L, et al. Quantify the contribution of Anammox for enhanced nitrogen removal through metagenomic analysis and mass balance in an anoxic moving bed biofilm reactor[J]. Water Research,2019,160:178-187. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2019.05.070
    [50] DU R, CAO S B, LI B K, et al. Performance and microbial community analysis of a novel DEAMOX based on partial-denitrification and anammox treating ammonia and nitrate wastewaters[J]. Water Research,2017,108:46-56. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.10.051
    [51] DU R, CAO S B, LI B K, et al. Synergy of partial-denitrification and anammox in continuously fed upflow sludge blanket reactor for simultaneous nitrate and ammonia removal at room temperature[J]. Bioresource Technology,2019,274:386-394. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.11.101
    [52] WANG H, XU G J, QIU Z, et al. NOB suppression in pilot-scale mainstream nitritation-denitritation system coupled with MBR for municipal wastewater treatment[J]. Chemosphere,2019,216:633-639. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.10.187
    [53] CAO S B, OEHMEN A, ZHOU Y. Denitrifiers in mainstream anammox processes: competitors or supporters?[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2019,53(19):11063-11065.
    [54] 柴宏祥, 杨世琪, 何强, 等.污水生物处理脱氮工艺的温室气体排放比较[J]. 给水排水,2014,50(7):129-134. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-8471.2014.07.033
    [55] 廖正伟, 贺酰淑, 陈宣, 等.pH值对短程反硝化及N2O释放特性影响[J]. 西安建筑科技大学学报(自然科学版),2019,51(4):605-609.

    LIAO Z W, HE X S, CHEN X, et al. Effect of pH values on shortcut denitrification and nitrous oxide emission[J]. Journal of Xi'an University of Architecture & Technology (Natural Science Edition),2019,51(4):605-609.
    [56] ALI M, RATHNAYAKE R M L D, ZHANG L, et al. Source identification of nitrous oxide emission pathways from a single-stage nitritation-anammox granular reactor[J]. Water Research,2016,102:147-157. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.06.034
    [57] 郝晓地, 程慧芹, 胡沅胜.碳中和运行的国际先驱奥地利Strass污水厂案例剖析[J]. 中国给水排水,2014,30(22):1-5.

    HAO X D, CHENG H Q, HU Y S. International pioneer of carbon-neutral operation of wastewater treatment: a case study at Strass in Austria[J]. China Water & Wastewater,2014,30(22):1-5.
    [58] AL-OMARI A, HAN M F, WETT B, et al. Main-stream deammonification evaluation at blue Plains advanced wastewater treatment plant (AWTP)[J]. Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation,2012,2012(15):1959-1967. doi: 10.2175/193864712811725636
    [59] JOSS A, DERLON N, CYPRIEN C, et al. Combined nitritation-anammox: advances in understanding process stability[J]. Environmental Science & Technology,2011,45(22):9735-9742.
    [60] CAO Y S, KWOK B H, van LOOSDRECHT M C M, et al. The occurrence of enhanced biological phosphorus removal in a 200, 000 m3/day partial nitration and Anammox activated sludge process at the Changi water reclamation plant, Singapore[J]. Water Science and Technology,2017,75(3/4):741-751.
    [61] 苑泉, 贺北平, 钱亮, 等.某污水厂主流Anammox现象产生的原因探讨[J]. 中国给水排水,2020,36(11):1-8.

    YUAN Q, HE B P, QIAN L, et al. Discussion on reasons of mainstream Anammox phenomenon in a wastewater treatment plant[J]. China Water & Wastewater,2020,36(11):1-8. ⊗
  • 加载中
图(7) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  15
  • HTML全文浏览量:  2
  • PDF下载量:  5
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-05
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-15

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回