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甘肃省经济发展与生态环境保护耦合协调关系研究

薛婧 白璐 武琛昊 满贺诚 孙启宏 谢明辉

薛婧,白璐,武琛昊,等.甘肃省经济发展与生态环境保护耦合协调关系研究[J].环境工程技术学报,xxxx,x(x): x-xx doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210303
引用本文: 薛婧,白璐,武琛昊,等.甘肃省经济发展与生态环境保护耦合协调关系研究[J].环境工程技术学报,xxxx,x(x): x-xx doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210303
XUE J,BAI L,WU C H,et al.Study on the coupling coordination relationship between economic development and ecological environment protection in Gansu Province[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,xxxx,x(x): x-xx doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210303
Citation: XUE J,BAI L,WU C H,et al.Study on the coupling coordination relationship between economic development and ecological environment protection in Gansu Province[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,xxxx,x(x): x-xx doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210303

甘肃省经济发展与生态环境保护耦合协调关系研究

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20210303
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFB1502804)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    薛婧(1988—),女,博士研究生,主要从事区域经济学研究,xuej18@lzu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    武琛昊(1997—),男,硕士研究生,Wuch1026@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X196;X321

Study on the coupling coordination relationship between economic development and ecological environment protection in Gansu Province

  • 摘要:

    为了对经济发展与生态环境保护的耦合协调程度做出评价,以甘肃省为例,运用综合发展评价模型和耦合协调度模型对经济系统与环境系统耦合协调关系进行研究,从时间和空间上对省级和下辖14市(州)2011—2019年经济与环境耦合协调状况进行分析。结果表明:1)甘肃省综合发展水平逐年提升,经济与环境耦合协调度由0.005 5升至0.911 0,耦合协调水平总体处于上升趋势,并在2017年实现良好耦合协调且经济发展与生态环境保护实现同步;2)14市(州)经济与环境综合发展水平呈上升趋势,部分市(州)在2016年和2018年出现波动,酒泉、兰州等综合发展水平较高,甘南、定西等综合发展水平较低;3)14市(州)经济与环境耦合协调程度在时间上于2016年全部脱离失调衰退进入耦合协调期,从空间上表现为中部最优、北部次之、南部略差。

     

  • 图  1  甘肃省经济与环境综合发展指数变化趋势

    Figure  1.  Changing trend of comprehensive development indexes of economy and environment in Gansu Province

    图  2  甘肃省14市(州)耦合协调类型空间演变

    Figure  2.  Spatial evolution diagram of coupling coordination types of 14 cities (prefectures) in Gansu Province

    表  1  经济发展与生态环境保护耦合协调评价指标体系

    Table  1.   Evaluation index system of coupling coordination between economic development and ecological environment protection

    系统层子系统指标单位指标属性
    经济
    系统
    经济
    规模
    人均GDP万元/人正向
    人均工业增加值万元/人正向
    人均固定资产投资额万元/人正向
    第三产业GDP占比%正向
    消费
    潜力
    城镇化率%正向
    城镇居民人均消费支出万元/人正向
    农村人均消费支出万元/人正向
    在岗职工平均工资万元正向
    发展
    效率
    劳动生产率元/人正向
    能源生产率元/t(以
    标煤计)
    正向
    土地生产率元/m3正向
    科技
    投入
    科技研发人员折合全时人员人·a正向
    研发经费投入强度%正向
    环境
    系统
    环境
    质量
    地表水监测断面达到优良以上比例%正向
    建成区绿化覆盖率%正向
    空气质量优良天数比率%正向
    环境
    污染
    废水排放量万t负向
    COD排放量万t负向
    氨氮排放量万t负向
    SO2排放量万t负向
    氮氧化物排放量万t负向
    工业固体废物产生量万t负向
    绿色
    低碳
    能源消耗强度t/万元
    (以标
    煤计)
    负向
    水资源消耗强度t/万元负向
    碳排放强度t/万元负向
    环境
    治理
    城镇污水处理率%正向
    城镇生活垃圾无害化处理率%正向
    一般工业固体废物综合利用率%正向
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  经济系统与环境系统耦合类型

    Table  2.   Coupling types of economic and environmental systems

    C耦合类型
    C=0子系统无关且无序发展
    0<C≤0.3低水平耦合
    0.3<C≤0.5颉颃
    0.5<C≤0.8磨合
    0.8<C<1高水平耦合
    C=1子系统良性共振耦合且有序发展
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  经济系统与环境系统耦合协调区间及状态

    Table  3.   Coupling coordination interval and state of economic and environmental systems

    D耦合协调区间耦合协调状态
    0<D≤0.1失调衰退极度失调衰退类
    0.1<D≤0.2严重失调衰退类
    0.2<D≤0.3中度失调衰退类
    0.3<D≤0.4过渡调和轻度失调衰退类
    0.4<D≤0.5濒临失调衰退类
    0.5<D≤0.6勉强耦合协调类
    0.6<D≤0.7低度协调初级耦合协调类
    0.7<D≤0.8中级耦合协调类
    0.8<D≤0.9高度协调良好耦合协调类
    0.9<D≤1.0优质耦合协调类
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  甘肃省经济与环境耦合协调程度

    Table  4.   Coupling and coordination degree of economy and environment in Gansu Province

    年份C耦合类型D耦合协调状态U协同发展类型
    20110.000 4低水平耦合0.005 5极度失调衰退类0.080 7经济发展滞后型
    20120.999 6高水平耦合0.445 0濒临失调衰退类0.984 7经济环境同步型
    20130.987 2高水平耦合0.550 3勉强耦合协调类1.097 3经济环境同步型
    20140.764 5磨合0.541 1勉强耦合协调类1.529 2环境质量滞后型
    20150.746 4磨合0.587 2勉强耦合协调类1.557 9环境质量滞后型
    20160.988 5高水平耦合0.770 7中级耦合协调类1.091 7经济环境同步型
    20170.997 7高水平耦合0.833 4良好耦合协调类0.961 7经济环境同步型
    20180.999 5高水平耦合0.849 2良好耦合协调类1.018 1经济环境同步型
    20190.958 9高水平耦合0.911 0优质耦合协调类1.182 2经济环境同步型
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  甘肃省14市(州)经济与环境综合发展指数

    Table  5.   Economic and environmental comprehensive development indexes in 14 cities (prefectures) in Gansu Province

    市(州)2011年2012年2013年2014年2015年2016年2017年2018年2019年
    兰州0.084 30.220 10.334 70.416 00.420 00.610 80.688 70.728 40.912 6
    嘉峪关0.212 30.301 70.298 30.315 30.342 80.640 30.657 90.758 30.757 8
    金昌0.214 80.301 80.369 30.360 10.340 80.520 20.575 90.563 00.729 2
    白银0.075 10.207 40.351 20.428 10.388 90.571 20.694 50.707 70.850 1
    天水0.160 30.235 40.323 30.389 90.420 20.539 50.670 80.748 00.886 7
    武威0.114 40.169 40.283 10.309 40.356 00.537 90.641 40.618 00.873 0
    张掖0.139 90.201 90.264 90.309 60.350 00.629 80.723 10.691 20.808 7
    平凉0.173 20.307 20.358 60.386 30.404 40.598 70.643 00.701 10.824 7
    酒泉0.123 80.322 10.415 30.455 00.504 90.642 20.634 20.733 00.713 8
    庆阳0.189 10.311 50.401 40.467 70.513 00.563 80.543 30.654 60.743 8
    定西0.199 20.228 60.292 60.341 60.356 20.431 30.519 90.646 40.866 2
    陇南0.225 20.258 40.279 60.379 00.353 00.546 30.628 80.696 50.790 5
    临夏0.123 90.217 20.308 40.390 10.394 10.564 80.728 60.787 60.864 2
    甘南0.355 00.107 80.225 40.312 90.380 00.400 60.542 00.585 10.686 4
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-05
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-21

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