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瓶装饮用水中微塑料的含量研究

郑涵云 武志鑫 李全威 杨颖 王慢想 安立会 王菲菲

郑涵云,武志鑫,李全威,等.瓶装饮用水中微塑料的含量研究[J].环境工程技术学报,2024,14(3):758-763 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20240110
引用本文: 郑涵云,武志鑫,李全威,等.瓶装饮用水中微塑料的含量研究[J].环境工程技术学报,2024,14(3):758-763 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20240110
ZHENG H Y,WU Z X,LI Q W,et al.Study on the occurrence of microplastics in bottled drinking water[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2024,14(3):758-763 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20240110
Citation: ZHENG H Y,WU Z X,LI Q W,et al.Study on the occurrence of microplastics in bottled drinking water[J].Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology,2024,14(3):758-763 doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20240110

瓶装饮用水中微塑料的含量研究

doi: 10.12153/j.issn.1674-991X.20240110
基金项目: 食品安全毒理学研究与评价北京市重点实验室开放基金课题(KF2021-01)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    郑涵云(2000—),女,硕士研究生,主要从事新污染物检测和毒性效应研究,hyun200004@163.com

    通讯作者:

    王菲菲(1978—),女,研究员,主要从事新污染物毒性效应和环境风险研究,wangff@craes.org.cn

  • 中图分类号: X502

Study on the occurrence of microplastics in bottled drinking water

  • 摘要:

    聚焦瓶装水中微塑料污染的来源特征(水源及包装材料)和小粒径微塑料检测方法的瓶颈问题,选择市面上常见的不同品牌及不同类型的瓶装水作为研究对象,采用热脱附-气相色谱质谱法(ATD-GCMS)对水中5种微塑料(PP、PE、PS、PVC、PET)的含量进行检测。结果显示:瓶装水中微塑料主要成分为PVC〔(2.95±2.03)μg/L〕、PET 〔(1.84±2.14)μg/L〕及PE 〔(1.86±1.84)μg/L〕;国内外不同品牌瓶装矿泉水中PVC和PET含量存在显著性差异(P<0.05),PE含量差异不显著;不同品牌纯净水之间PVC和PET含量差异不具有统计学意义,但PE含量存在显著差异(P<0.05)。瓶装水中微塑料的赋存情况受到水源水中微塑料污染情况的影响和包装材料微塑料的释放影响,通过比较分析瓶装饮用水中微塑料赋存特征可为未来制定降低饮用水微塑料摄入风险和健康风险防控相关管理措施提供数据支撑。

     

  • 图  1  9种瓶装水的微塑料含量

    Figure  1.  Microplastics content of nine types of bottled water

    图  2  国内外品牌矿泉水的微塑料含量

    注:*表示二者间差异显著(P<0.05)。

    Figure  2.  Microplastics content of domestic and foreign brand mineral water

    图  3  不同品牌纯净水的微塑料含量

    注:同图2。

    Figure  3.  Microplastics content of different brand purified water

    表  1  试验用瓶装水信息

    Table  1.   Experimental bottled water information

    编号 类型 水源地 瓶身材料 瓶盖材料 产品执行标准
    BW-1 矿泉水(进口) 挪威 PET PE 未标注
    BW-2 矿泉水(进口) 法国 PET 未标注 未标注
    BW-3 矿泉水(国产) 中国吉林长白山安宁泉 PET PE GB 8537—2018
    BW-4 矿泉水(国产) 中国吉林长白山青龙泉 PET PE GB 8537—2018
    BW-5 矿泉水(国产) 中国广东博罗罗浮山脉横河水源地 PET 未标注 GB 8537—2018
    BW-6 纯净水 PET 未标注 GB 19298—2014
    BW-7 纯净水 PET 未标注 GB 17323—1998
    BW-8 纯净水 PET PE GB 17323—1998
    BW-9 纯净水 PET 未标注 GB 17323—1998
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2024-02-26
  • 录用日期:  2024-04-16
  • 修回日期:  2024-03-19

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