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固体废物沥青路面利用的环境风险评估

张晶 孙英杰 杨玉飞 杨金忠 黄启飞

张晶, 孙英杰, 杨玉飞, 杨金忠, 黄启飞. 固体废物沥青路面利用的环境风险评估[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2017, 7(6): 746-753. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2017.06.103
引用本文: 张晶, 孙英杰, 杨玉飞, 杨金忠, 黄启飞. 固体废物沥青路面利用的环境风险评估[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2017, 7(6): 746-753. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2017.06.103
ZHANG Jing, SUN Yingjie, YANG Yufei, YANG Jinzhong, HUANG Qifei. Progress on environmental risk assessment on solid wastes utilized in asphalt pavement[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2017, 7(6): 746-753. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2017.06.103
Citation: ZHANG Jing, SUN Yingjie, YANG Yufei, YANG Jinzhong, HUANG Qifei. Progress on environmental risk assessment on solid wastes utilized in asphalt pavement[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2017, 7(6): 746-753. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2017.06.103

固体废物沥青路面利用的环境风险评估

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2017.06.103
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张晶(1993—),女,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为固体废物处理与处置, jingzzz93@163.com

    通讯作者:

    杨玉飞 E-mail: cqyyf@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X705

Progress on environmental risk assessment on solid wastes utilized in asphalt pavement

More Information
    Corresponding author: Yufei YANG E-mail: cqyyf@163.com
  • 摘要: 固体废物用于沥青路面建设具有广阔的发展前景,但由于固体废物中含有重金属等有害物质,其作为沥青路面利用的首要前提是环境安全。概述了沥青路面建设中固体废物的主要利用方式和现状,总结了固体废物中的有害物质在道路利用时造成的地下水和大气环境风险的评估方法,并介绍了常用于固体废物和水泥混凝土中重金属的浸出方法。通过总结沥青-集料的黏附性机理,以及目前固体废物道路利用中的重金属浸出方法,讨论了固体废物沥青路面利用环境风险评估中污染物释放的定量表征方法(浸出方法)的适宜性。结果表明:由于缺乏针对特定场景污染物浸出方法的研究,固体废物道路利用的环境风险评价只能通过实验室模拟和借鉴国外模型的方法进行。因此,固体废物沥青路面利用污染物的浸出方法应还原实际应用场景,需考虑车轮荷载、紫外线照射等因素。指出未来的研究方向为制定针对固体废物再利用领域的环境风险评价标准。

     

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