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生物滞留设施净化城市面源污染研究进展

姜登岭 张丹荣 何连生 胡春明 王宫廷 霍川 孟睿

姜登岭, 张丹荣, 何连生, 胡春明, 王宫廷, 霍川, 孟睿. 生物滞留设施净化城市面源污染研究进展[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2019, 9(1): 96-102. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.01.015
引用本文: 姜登岭, 张丹荣, 何连生, 胡春明, 王宫廷, 霍川, 孟睿. 生物滞留设施净化城市面源污染研究进展[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2019, 9(1): 96-102. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.01.015
JIANG Dengling, ZHANG Danrong, HE Liansheng, HU Chunming, WANG Gongting, HUO Chuan, MENG Rui. Advance of research on urban non-point source pollution control by bioretention facilities[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2019, 9(1): 96-102. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.01.015
Citation: JIANG Dengling, ZHANG Danrong, HE Liansheng, HU Chunming, WANG Gongting, HUO Chuan, MENG Rui. Advance of research on urban non-point source pollution control by bioretention facilities[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering Technology, 2019, 9(1): 96-102. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.01.015

生物滞留设施净化城市面源污染研究进展

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-991X.2019.01.015
详细信息
    作者简介:

    姜登岭(1975—),男,教授,硕士,主要从事给排水技术研究工作, jiangdengling2010@163.com

    通讯作者:

    孟睿 E-mail: 815243@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X703.1

Advance of research on urban non-point source pollution control by bioretention facilities

More Information
    Corresponding author: Rui MENG E-mail: 815243@163.com
  • 摘要: 生物滞留设施是城市面源污染控制的有效措施之一。综合分析了生物滞留设施的结构、水文效应、污染物的去除机理及其影响因素。生物滞留设施能有效控制雨水径流量,削减径流峰值,降低径流中总悬浮固体(TSS)、颗粒物、重金属、有机污染物和致病菌等浓度,但对硝酸盐氮($NO^{-}_{3}$-N)和溶解态磷(DP)的去除不稳定。生物滞留设施主要通过沉淀、过滤、吸附、离子交换、植物吸收和生物降解等作用去除污染物。影响污染物去除及径流量削减的因素包括植物种类、填料组成、深度与渗透系数、碳源。较长的雨前干燥期会导致$NO^{-}_{3}$-N浓度增加,厌氧区的设置可以降低$NO^{-}_{3}$-N浓度。生物滞留设施结构设计和运行维护还有待进一步研究和优化。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2018-05-23
  • 刊出日期:  2019-01-20

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